Did You Know? Football Facts-Super Bowl Trivia and Other Interesting Information

Here I have created a teams-worth list of loyal players who could have made a better career for themselves elsewhere. I would like to point out that I absolutely have the utmost respect for players who stay loyal to clubs, and do not use them as a mere stepping stone to bigger and better things. However, you have to feel that their personal careers may have benefitted from being selfish and looking to achieve more in terms of Silverware.Reina joined Liverpool in 2005, just after their UEFA Champions League triumph against Milan, and would have thought he was joining a rising club that would hunt for trophies year in year out. However, all he has won is 1 FA Cup, 1 League Cup and a single Community Shield. For a Goalkeeper of his calibre, his 8 year stint at Liverpool has been disappointing to say the least, which is why it is understandable that he may leave and replace Victor Valdés at Barcelona, when he goes on to another challenge.You may think of Cafu as one of the best players ever in his position. He won the World Cup twice which is probably reward enough for his fantastic ability, however in 11 years in Italy, 6 with Roma, 5 with Milan, he only won a disappointing 2 Serie A titles and a single UEFA Champions League. If he had been able to cut the chord and join a club like Barcelona, Bayern Munich or Real Madrid, he may have been one of the most successful right backs ever.After his recent announcement that he was retiring, I couldn’t help but think that Jamie Carragher’s career, all of which has been spent playing for Liverpool, has been slightly wasted. He has never won a Premier League title, leaving success to only cup competitions, with the highlight being the 2005 Champions League. If he had of had the ambition, he could of, one thinks, pushed to be signed for a more successful club, that would have lined his awards cabinet with a few more trophies.I am not too sure if this one is due to loyalty or just a lack of bids. However, since Brede Hangeland joined Fulham in 2008, he has impressed so much with his defensive abilities, that only half a season in, he was being linked with teams such as Arsenal and Manchester United. He could have made a move that would have seen his career sky-rocket, and could of won some trophies to go with his defensive talents. Of course, Arsenal have not won anything, however if they had someone to fix their defensive frailties, they probably would have challenged for more trophies, or even won the League Cup they lost to eventually relegated Birmingham at the very least.Julio Arca has recently left England to go back to his native Argentina. As an Argentinian Under-20 Captain, he joined Sunderland in 2001 in a deal that Sir Alex Ferguson described as ‘the deal of the summer’, he being an admirer of Arca at the time. Sunderland seemed on the up at the time after two consecutive seasons at 7th place in the Premier League, however they were relegated 2 years later. Roma had shown interest in Arca, and looking back, would have been a very good move for him, as he could have marketed his talents in Top European football. However, due to his love for the club, Arca stayed another two season with a promotion in the first and another relegation in the second. He and his family were enjoying their time living in the North-East of England, so when he made the hard decision to leave, he moved to rivals Middlesbrough who were currently a regular UEFA Cup club, however, the departure of Manager Steve McLaren led to Middlesbrough’s demise and Arca stayed with the club until a month ago, never fulfilling his once talent filled potential.Much like Carragher, Gerrard has spent his whole career at Liverpool, and only a single 2005 UEFA Champions League victory to truly look back on as a fantastic achievement. However, unlike Carragher, Gerrard has had World-Class potential for many years, and many suitors to sign him for big money. The biggest blunder of his career, in my opinion, is when he turned his back on a move to Barcelona, which in hindsight would have given him the potential to put his stamp on a World-Class player tag, or even could have been considered as one of the greatest midfielders of his generation, if not all-time.He’s a Norwegian International who has notched up 74 caps so far, and enjoyed a somewhat successful spell with his club Blackburn, reaching 6th and 7th in the Premier League within 2 seasons of each other. He was heavily linked with fellow North-Western team Manchester United for a good number of seasons. However, his loyalty to the Blackburn cause, and the fact he was unsure that he would get regular first-team football, seen him stay, and sadly see their form demise after the purchase from Venky’s. He is now plying his trade in the npower Championship after a disappointing season attempting to re-gain their Premier League status, finishing a dismal 17th and just avoiding relegation to League 1. A far cry from what his career could have been if he had of taken the plunge to join the Champions.This is not loyalty to one particular club that has not led Donovan to be widely regarded as been successful, but loyalty to the American franchise league, MLS(Major League Soccer). His professional career started in Germany for Bayer Leverkusen. However he only made 7 first team appearances in total, becoming unsettled and moving back to his native USA. He has an abundance of talent, that could have flourished a great deal more than it has if he had of stayed in the more competitive European game. He has had sporadic loan spells back in Europe, where he has impressed, so it seems a great shame that he never flaunted his talents in the Champions League. He has made 4 appearances in Europe, however they were in Europe’s secondary competition, the UEFA Cup/Europa League, and only 4 appearances are nowhere near enough for a player of his calibre. It’s a shame for Europeans that Donovan is a patriotic star.Le Tissier was a mercurial talent who played his full professional career at Southampton, and became legendary for doing so, both for Southampton and in Premier League folklore. It seemed every season performances from Le Tissier along with his goals, saved Southampton from getting relegated from the Premier League. He was at the height of his powers in the mid 1990s and could have easily joined a bigger club that challenged for titles, but as he was a life-long Southampton fan, he put his love before his career. He may one day wish that he had went to a club and won a few trophies or Championships, however everyone knows that he is proud of what he done in his career, and what he done for Southampton.Totti has spent his entire career at Roma, winning only one single Serie A title. In the early 2000s there was always speculation about the Roma all-time leading goalscorer leaving to play for Real Madrid’s Galácticos, however, a move never came to fruition. For someone who could be considered as one of the best players of his generation, his trophy cabinet is very disappointingly sparse. He could have won at least 10 titles, and a Champions League or two with the talent he had at his disposal, but loyalty to his club went first for Totti, and sadly for the neutral, loyalty created another wasted star.Alan Shearer’s career got off to a flyer. he was one of the most promising strikers in English history, and won his first Premier League title with Blackburn in 1995 aged only 24. Little did he know, that would be the last competition he’d ever win. In the summer of 1996, Manchester United were after the number one England striker, at the time, however he made the surprise World-Record £15million transfer to his hometown club of Newcastle United. In a bid to become a legend at St. James’ Park with a hope he could win things with the club he supported, he bit off his nose to spite his face, so it came to be. If he had of joined Man Utd, he would have bagged himself countless titles and a Champions League victory, and would probably now be seen as a Legendary World-Class Striker, rather than merely the Premier League’s all-time scorer with only a single trophy to his name, probably the largest case of ‘What could have been’.Fantasy draft day. It’s the most important day of the fantasy football season. Help your league celebrate it with a great draft party!This guide has helpful tips, ideas and supplies you’ll need to plan and host an awesome fantasy football draft party.What are you waiting for? The NFL draft is over and teams are gearing up for training camp…Start planning your 2014 fantasy football draft party now!…and why does it need a party?The draft is when all the managers in your league meet to select their team’s players before the start of the season. It’s usually organized and run by the league’s commissioner.This might be the only time the whole league gets together in person so it’s a good excuse for a party with lots of food, drink, trash talk and fun.Advice to help you plan a

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How to stop hair loss and fine thinning hair, with a shampoo and conditioner.

An air conditioning system is rather simple really in the amount of parts it’s made up of. In reality, the system is made up of 2 main components, the condenser and the coil. There are other things that are a necessary to connect and help the system function but they aren’t dedicated solely to the A/C system. For example the thermostat and the furnace, or air handler, are not solely belonging to the air conditioning system.
With that said, the condenser is the only real mechanical part of the system. The evaporator coil is really just a box of fins and tubing with a drain attached to carry off the condensation it collects.
What I aim to do is explain only the parts of the condensing unit. This is the piece where the problems will likely occur and the more you know about what it’s made up of, the less likely you are to be “taken” by a shady service technician. It’s unfortunate but, they are out there.
The compressor is the head honcho in the air conditioning system. If it breaks down, forget fixing it yourself and carefully weigh the expense of replacing it verses getting a whole new system. Especially if you have an out of date, now obsolete R-22 system.
Today’s compressors are what is called “hermetic”, meaning sealed. There is no opening them up and putting them back together. They are also nearly all of the scroll type. This means that instead of a piston pushing up and down on the refrigerant, it is a rotating component that is doing the work. This is beneficial since the impact of a piston is not good for itself. Plus, the scroll type will be much quieter during operation.
The condenser fan and motor are an essential part of the air conditioning system as well. This fan is used to pull air through the coils of the condenser to help cool the refrigerant and compressor as well as displace the heat that is coming off of those parts. This is why the fan is blowing warm air out of the unit. This is also why cut grass, leaves and “fuzzies” are pulled into the fins on the coils which must be kept clean for good airflow. With the air being drawn in by the fan comes all sorts of things that block air and keep our condenser from working as efficiently as it should.
These motors are sealed so that rain cannot get into the working parts of the motor. Be sure that if you have the motor replaced that the housing of the motor is solid and does not have “breather” ports on it. Some do not realize this difference and assume a blower motor can be used to replace a condenser motor. This mistake will surely cause problems if made.
NOTE: The condenser fan motor and compressor are the 2 parts that you want to be sure have a decent warranty when making an A/C system purchase. Most other parts will have only a year long warranty but are rather inexpensive to replace if needed later. Not so much for the fan motor and compressor.
The condenser coil is where the process of therefrigerant returning from a gas to a liquid begins. There is no mechanical function here. The coils either contain refrigerant or they don’t. Of course if they don’t, you have a problem on your hands.
Air conditioning is all about the relationship between temperature and pressure. These two things together are manipulated so that the refrigerant in the system will change back and forth from liquid to gas. This is a very nutshell explanation of how air conditioning works but that is another conversation all together.
The coil area of a condenser has a significant impact on how efficiently our air conditioner is. You may have noticed that lately, the air conditioners that people are having installed are much larger than those they replaced. This is largely related to the fact that energy regulations have commanded that the minimum SEER rating (efficiency rating) be increased over the last few years.
The capacitor’s function is rather simple, to provide a boost of electricity to help start or run motors. It sort of works like a battery in the respect that it stores power. When the air conditioner is asked to operate, the capacitor discharges this stored energy, providing a boost to get the motor going.
These capacitors do blow and when they do, it’s really quite simple to diagnose and replace. You may see an oily discharge, in some cases, dripping down the side of the capacitor or perhaps yours won’t entirely “pop” and instead, just the top will be humped up. This top should be flat. Of course the first thing you’ll notice is that your A/C isn’t working and that the fan is not spinning.
The contactor is a sort of power bridge. In the photo, you can see a button in the center of the component. This button serves as a draw bridge. When the thermostat tells the furnace that it wants cooling, the furnace then relays this message to the contactor via a 24V signal. When the 24V hits the contactor, it creates a magnetism that pulls in this button, thus closing the bridge and allowing power to cross through to the condenser fan and compressor.
Here is where you may sometimes see that your A/C fuses are blown. You may hear the unit humming and see that the contactor button is pulled in but nothing is happening. This is likely because the fuses protecting the unit are blown and though the button is pulled in, there is no power waiting to “cross the bridge”.
NOTE: There is 220V passing across this drawbridge. It’s certainly not the type of bridge you care to play around with if you prefer to keep control of your own functions.That’s it really. Some more modern, advanced air conditioning condensers do have an electronic control board but typically, what I’ve shown you is all you have in your condensing unit.
Now as I mentioned, the condenser is the main unit but it cannot operate without help from it’s friends. There must be an indoor fan to move the air, a thermostat to tell the unit when to turn off and on, and an evaporator coil to help manipulate the refrigerant and absorb the heat from within your home.
I hope you feel that you know a bit more about your A/C system and what it is made up of. Just remember, when it comes to your A/C, always take care when maintaining the system. Turn off the power, be careful not to bend any of the fins or copper tubing and never open the refrigerant valves or tubing to the atmosphere. Not only is this harmful to the environment but it can cause severe burns and is against the law with very heavy repercussions.Coleman RV air conditioning units are perhaps the most well known of RV ACs in the world of RV users, whether they be motor homes, camper travel trailers, or pop-up campers. Along with other fine camping products, the Coleman rooftop AC units are considered one of the most efficient and reliable brands made.Installing or replacing a new AC unit is something even the most hands-off type of person can accomplish with a little study and work. This article is intended to walk you through the steps of installing a new Coleman AC in a camping unit, or replacing an old unit, no matter the make or model.If your new AC is a replacement model, it will be necessary to determine which model to use in your travel trailer or motorhome. Coleman rooftop AC’s are available in two models. The 13,500 BTU (British Thermal Units) model is perhaps the most purchased of the two models offered.It is often used in applications where two units are used to cool a large motorhome or camper trailer. Working independently from each other, these 13,500 BTU units can be used singly or together for efficient cooling, depending on how hot the weather is. For those middle sized camper trailers or motorhomes there is the Coleman Mach 15 air conditioner. This fine unit fits the niche perfectly with enough cooling power to keep you cool on the hottest summer days. Installing one of the Mach 15 AC units is no more difficult than the 13,500 BTU model. Check your old rooftop unit to determine the correct size if you have any doubts as to which Coleman unit to purchase. Both of these air conditioners may be found at very reasonable prices on this page.
Buy the best model for your particular camping unit. If ordered from this page, the AC unit you chose should arrive at your location in just a few days. In the meantime you can remove the old RV AC unit and prepare for the new one. The first step in removing the old unit is to detach the ceiling assembly from the unit by removing the screws holding it to the ceiling. There are normally only four screws which need to be removed, but some older AC units may have more or less. Hold the AC ceiling assembly up with one hand while removing the screws to prevent the assembly from falling abruptly.It may be necessary to unplug the wires leading from the AC ceiling assembly to the rooftop unit before it is completely free. It is helpful to have someone assist you in this step for ease of removal, but the assembly can be allowed to hang from the wiring while they are disconnected. Remove the cover from the electrical junction box and disconnect

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An Introduction to Cricket for Americans

Recently I had the pleasure of supply teaching a most wonderful grade 2 class for a 40 minute block of time for three consecutive days. I spent time in three separate classes in those three afternoons, working on ‘Integrated Literacy’. The grade 2 class had been working on exploring a number of Eric Carle picture books. If you have read them then you know he writes often about animals and has written a fair number concerning insects. “The Very Grouchy Ladybug”, “The Very Hungry Caterpillar”, “The Very Quiet Cricket” are a few of his titles. The book I examined with these children was, as is probably evident from the title of this hub, “The Very Quiet Cricket”.
We chanted lines from a cricket poem and discussed characteristics of insects before I read the story to this attentive audience. The cricket in question was a newly hatched one who when approached by various insects attempted to talk back to them but until the story’s end was unable. As I read the story, I stopped at various parts and asked them questions, one of which was, “How do crickets chirp.?” I was amazed by their answers. Some said they used their wings while others suggested it was their legs that were used as bows to make their music.
My memories from past biology classes told me that contrary to Eric Carle’s suggestion that it was the wings, it was in reality the legs that caused the chirp of the cricket. Since my recollection differed from the author’s suggestion, I told the class that I would research the topic of cricket chirping and return the next day with an answer. As I began my research at home, I thought, “Why not make this a hub?” I recently created a similar hub on, “How Flies Fly”. Read on to discover, “How Crickets Chirp.”To many, the summer evening chirping of crickets is musical, while to others, it is noise preventing blissful sleep. In China, crickets singing in the home is a sign of good luck. Crickets singing in my home are hunted by my three hungry felines! Ummm, extra protein for them. Whether one thinks of them as musical or annoying, one has to wonder how these tiny insects produce and project such a powerful song.
Not all cricket species chirp, but in those with the ability, only the males are able to do so and they do so only at night, resting during the day. In order to hear and respond to the chirping, both males and females have “ears” located below the knee in their front legs. Although to some humans their song is beautiful, male crickets have a specific survival reason for chirping. Male crickets chirp for three important reasons:
to attract a mate: the female will respond only to the unique sound of a male from her own species;
to establish their territories: within which they hope to attract mates;
to defend their territory against competing males: so to ensure more mates for themselves.
Crickets produce sound by rubbing their wings together. A thick, ridged vein which acts as a file, is found at the base of the forewing, The upper surface of the forewing is hard and acts like a bow of a violin. When the cricket seeks a mate or needs to defend his territory, he lifts his wings and pulls the file of one wing across the scraper of the other. The thin membrane of the wings vibrate, amplifying the sound. Stridulation is the name given to this method of producing sound.
Different songs are produced by the male cricket for different reasons:
a song to entice females closer can be heard for up to a mile away;
once the female is close, the male switches to a courtship song to convince her he is the right ‘man’;
in some cases, the male will sing a post-copulation song to celebrate his victory with the female.
Crickets are more active chirpers in warmer weather. They won’t be heard chirping if the temperature is below 55°F. A few interesting facts about crickets and their chirping:
the Japanese have kept crickets as pets for centuries; thousands of these suzumishi are sold in tiny bamboo cages every summer to help take people’s minds off the heat;
to determine the temperature in Fahrenheit, count the number of cricket chirps in 14 seconds and add 40.
The next day the class had not forgotten my promise and I reported my findings to them a little sheepish that I had been wrong. However, whether their song inspires or annoys, the tiny cricket and its chirp are a marvel of nature. I will listen with new awareness next summer while sitting on my back porch relaxing under the stars.

Introduction
Cricket originated from England. This English game is basically hitting a ball with a stick. This stick is a “bat” which is an English word meaning stick or club. Earlier bats were like hockey sticks since, the bowling used to be fast, underarm and rolled along the ground. By the eighteenth century, the bat developed into a heavier, longer, curved version of our modern bat where the handle and blade were carved out of a single piece of wood.Benefits of Cricket
Cricket is the world’s second most popular spectator sport. Many children who are reluctant to take part in sports, find this as their “game.” The main goal of this game is self-control, integrity and respect for others. Children learning this game, will be exposed to the above. This game helps to improve a child’s speed, flexibility and reflexes. It also helps increase concentration and the ability to think strategically and make decisions accordingly.
The child will be undergoing a lot of physical activity such as sprinting between the wickets. He will be mentally challenged while playing this game since, he will have to make wise decisions while hitting the ball depending on the type of bowling. There are various social benefits of this game since, your child will be exposed to many people as his team travels to competitions locally, nationally and internationally.
Cricket is a great way to develop a child’s mind, body and spirit, helping to lay the foundation for a successful adult.
This is the fastest growing sport in various universities in Canada and United States. Since, this is game is getting so popular it may also be included in the Olympics soon.Children aged 5 and over
Cricket is a game of group instruction thus, children aged 5 and over can begin to learn this game by participating in the United States Youth Cricket Association (USYCA). This game is played with a soft cricket ball to ensure the safety of the children.Rules of the Game:
The basic rules of cricket are:
2 teams are required to play this game.
Each team should have 11 players.
The main goal of this game is to score more runs than the opposing team.
One team fields while the other team is batting.
There are 2 batsman on the field. Guarding each set of wickets.
The fielding team bowls the cricket ball to the batsman. The batsman will hit the ball and run between wickets to score runs.
Goal of the fielding team is to get the batsman out. While, the batsman will play strategically to defend himself and score runs for his team. Off each delivery, a batter can score 0 to 6 runs.
If the ball is hit to the boundary along the ground, it is 4 runs. If the ball is hit over the boundary, it is worth 6 runs.
How to play this game:
There are 2 umpires to monitor the game.
There are 2 batsman from the batting team. One is the striker and the other is non-striker.
The fielding team has their 10 players all spread out on the ground so that they can catch the ball when the batter hits.
The 11th player is bowling.
The bowler will bowl a ball towards the striker while, the non-striker will stand alert on the other side of the wicket.
As soon as the striker can hit the bowler’s ball, he will make an attempt to run towards the opposite wicket. The non-striker will run towards the other side of the wicket. They will cross each other on the cricket pitch and reach the opposite wicket. That will be considered 1 run.
They could continue to do so, until the ball comes near them.
Once, they see the ball is near them. They should stop or else they would be run-out since, the bowler will attempt to hit the wicket which is not guarded by the batsman and he will be OUT.
This play continues until all the 10 players of the batting team are OUT.
The teams switch their roles such as the batting team will field and the fielding team will bat.
It is about time we start to call Sachin as Sir Sachin Tendulkar. He has the most number of records in cricket. Sachin is far, far away from many others when it comes anything with cricket.
He is having a great time in the middle, and it is shown in his performance. Most international players pack their bags in 10-12 years of international career, and some make it to 14-15 years, and even fewer who just dream to chase Sachin have been dropped (read Ricky Ponting).
It is certain that money is not driving him to play more cricket, it’s just the love for the game, and a desire to perform for the country.
I am a great admirer of all things Sachin, and to that, here is the list of all the records held by the Master Blas

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Quick Tips to Stage Your Home

If you’re like me, even though I was an Environmental Science major, I never heard of the word xenostrogens before. While xeno stands for foreign, estrogen is a hormone. Accordingly, xenoestrogens are foreign hormones.
Unbelievably, there are over 70,000 synthetic chemicals in use today, but only a handful have been tested for their effects on human health. So far, over 200 of these have been identified as xenohormones. An xenohormone or xenoestrogen is a compound that is very similar to the chemical structure of estrogen. Since they are fat-soluble, they can be stored in the body for years. Xenoestrogens can enter the body through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the skin. Once in the body, since they are so structurally similar to estrogen, they can lock into the receptor sites that natural estrogen normally locks into. This causes estrogen dominance. In estrogen dominance, a woman can either have deficient, normal, or excessive estrogen levels while having little or no progesterone. Likewise, estrogen dominance can affect men too. Estrogen dominance can result in many symptoms. Some of them include:
Aging
Different types of cancers such as breast cancer, edometrial or uterine cancer, and prostate cancer
Infertility and other related problems like endometriosis, polycystic ovaries, uterine fibroids, and irregular periods
Gallbladder disease
Sluggish metabolism, weight gain and distribution of fat around thighs, hips, and abdomen
Insomnia
Breast enlargement, prostate enlargement, low sperm counts in men
Osteoporosis
Early onset of menstruation
Autoimmune disordersFood Supply: Many xenohormones get into our food supply through what we feed livestock for human consumption. Growth hormones are used to make them weigh more or produce more milk. It is estimated that 75% of the xenoestrogens in human bodies come from this source.
Pesticides and insecticides
Birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy
Pthalates: Found in most plastics, inks, adhesives, vinyl floorings, and some paints, these chemicals are linked to abnormalities in rats. Pthalates are synthetic chemicals that are added to plastics to make them more soft and flexible. They may cause reduced testosterone levels, testicular tumors, and reproduction tract abnormalities in males while causing increased marriages in women.
Alkylphenols and Nonylphenols: Found in detergents, shampoos, cosmetics, spermicidal lubricants, pesticides, and clear plastics, these chemicals are not broken down during wastewater treatment and enter the food chain through waterways. Since concentrated amounts have been found in fish and birds, since these chemicals have been found in tap water, they are more than likely accumulating in humans too. These chemicals can increase the growth rate of breast cancer tumors in humans and cause improperly developed reproductive organs in the offspring
Bisphenol A: Found in the polycarbonate resins of hard plastics and dental sealants, these chemicals leech out of the plastics and can cause changes in the prostate gland. If you think xenoestrogens may be causing problems for you, the following suggestions will help reduce the levels in your body.
When you bring vegetables and fruits home from the grocery store, wash them well.
Avoid plastic food and storage containers, plastic silverware, and styrofoam cups.
Microwave in glass containers and don’t use plastic wrap while using the microwave.
Only buy organic meats, eggs, an dairy products. Meats, eggs, and dairy products that are labeled as organic are not given estrogen.
Avoid coffee. Coffee can enhance the effect of estrogen.
Avoid parabens (butylparaben, ethylparaben, methylparaben, propylparaben), octyl-methoxycinnamate, octyl-dimethyl-PABA, benzophenone-3, homosalate, an 4-methyl-benzylidene camphor (4-MBC) in personal care products.
Avoid canned food since the linings are usually plastic
A styrofoam cups and food containers
Use natural pest control rather pesticides.
Use a cup of salt in a gallon of vinegar rather than herbicides.
A perfumes and air freshners
Avoid nail polish and nail polish removers.
Avoid food with propyl gallate and 4-hexyl resorcinol. Propyl gallate is a preservative used to prevent fats and oils from going rancid in cosmetics, food packaging materials, and foods while 4-hexyl resorcinol is used to prevent discoloaration in shrimp and other shellfish.
Eat foods with phytonutrients. Phytoestrogens are plant-based estrogens. When a phytoestrogen binds to an estrogen receptor other xenoestrogens cannot bind to it. Phytoestrogens are weaker than other xenoestrogens.
Avoid using bleached tampons, bleached coffee filters, and other bleached paper products.  Since xenoestrogens surround us at every angle, they can be damaging our bodies without our knowledge. The best way to avoid them is through education and prevention. Like the old saying states, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”As the winter months give way to warmer days we know Summer is finally on her way. Long warm evenings are on the horizon; the BBQ is cleaned in preparation for a fine weekend; coats are pushed firmly to the back of wardrobes and for some of us, our ears are pricked in anticipation of the dreaded hum; the hum of the mosquito.
Fearing yet another Summer of being bitten to death we head to the stores and arm ourselves with every canister that promises to defend our skin against mosquitoes. We lace our food with enough garlic to bring down a platoon of vampires and smother ourselves in sticky, smelly repellent. Armed with a fly swat and clothed from head to toe we venture out into the great outdoors; the dangerous land of the mosquito. Having barely shut the back door we hear the hum; we feel the itch and yes, we’ve been bitten, the first of many bites to come and Summer has only just arrived.While some of us mere mortals seem to attract every mosquito within a hundred mile radius others of us hardly ever get bitten. Studies have shown that mosquitoes are attracted to certain skin scents. While I don’t claim to know in debt knowledge of these studies I can honestly say: “No sh*t Sherlock.”
It seems I have the skin type that mosquitoes love; I’m the main meal while the rest of the family happily swan about completely oblivious to the horror I am subjected to; every Summer.
Sick and tired of being constantly nibbled on and the fact that it’s not very healthy to use sprays around my baby daughter who of course doesn’t get bitten either, I decided to try natural repellents; surprisingly there are definite positives and some great successes.
In fact I am that pleased with the results I have decided to share what works for me and a few other tips I picked up along the way.Essential Oils And Plants That Repel Mosquitoes:
All Spice
Lemon Eucalyptus
Lemon Grass
Lavender
Citronella
Cinnamon
Caster
Cedar
Clove
Catnip
Basil
Geranium
Garlic
Peppermint
Pennyroyal
Rosemary
Thyme
Soy
Hints And Tips To Ward Off Mosquitoes:
Essential Oils:
I found the best way to repel mosquitoes using essential oils was to experiment a little; mixing a few different oils together and blending them with baby oil and using the mix as a moisturizer, rubbing gently into the skin. Lemon Eucalyptus and Catnip essential oils proved especially effective for my skin. I also found a few neat drops of Lavender dabbed behind my ears, wrists, knees and ankles worked as an efficient deterrent. I dropped a few Cinnamon sticks into a bottle of baby oil as an alternative; in case the buggers got used to the Lemon Eucalyptus and Catnip mixture.
The important thing to remember, we all have different skin types and it may be the reason why some oils and blends work for some and not for others hence the need to experiment a little to find out what works for you. Whether the oils actually work as a repellent or simply disguise skin odour, I’m not quite sure, but to be honest, as long as it works I’m happy to leave the chemistry to the scientists.
Plants:
I invested in a few plants and placed them where I like to sit of an evening; Lavender and Citronella worked for me. I also hung hanging baskets with ordinary Mint and Basil in a few different locations; on the porch; over the main entrance; in the bathroom and by the kitchen window. I planted Rosemary around my little patio area too (my lamb chops have never tasted so good).
Mosquitoes Are Attracted To Carbon Dioxide:
After a little investigating I found that mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide, lighting a few candles to draw them away from you is a good plan.
Mosquitoes Are Drawn To Lactic Acid:
Mosquitoes are drawn to lactic acid. When you’re hot you give off more lactic acid, you’ll need to cool down before you relax for the evening; take a cold shower and maintain a cool body temperature.
Mosquitoes Love Black:
Unbelievably mosquitoes favorite colour is black. Neon clothing is the way to go if you want to be bite free this Summer. Bring back the eighties. Alte

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Diamond Juice: Baseball’s Steroid Era And It’s Effect On The Game

Playing sports requires that we practice, over and over again, what we will be required to do on the field, court, etc. This requirement is especially critical for pitchers in baseball, particularly the ones looking for ways to increase the velocity in their pitches.
Pitching creates such a demand on your body, especially your arm. When a pitcher prepares to throw a baseball there is torque and stress put on an arm. This strain has been a leading factor in some players needing ligament replacement surgery, otherwise known as Tommy John surgery, later on in their careers.
I’m not trying to scare any would be pitchers from giving it a try but there are risks to pitching. Fortunately there are tons of pitchers who have very successful careers pitching with no major injuries along the way, I’m going to guess that a majority of them learned how to pitch when they were young and established strong pitching mechanics.
A pitcher’s mechanics are his best friend. When fatigue sets in you rely on these practiced mechanics to get you through the exhaustion. A pitcher with poor mechanics won’t have such a strong safety net and might try to get too much out of their arm only, which could increase their chances for injury.
A strong base of good mechanics will allow a pitcher to continue to blossom as they progress and get older. This foundation will encourage increased velocity, if they are willing to work for it.

This might sound really weird, but anyone can pitch in baseball and I have seen many examples to prove this claim.
The best example I have is when my son was fourteen. We won our division and went to the Tournament of Champions. We went into the tournament very short on pitching because our division tournament went longer than it was initially scheduled; we clinched the division the evening before the first TOC game.
As we worked our way deeper in the tournament we pretty much ran out of arms. I had one guy who wanted to pitch so I gave him the ball. He was not a hard thrower at all but, because he lacked a lively fastball, the other team just couldn’t hit him.
His work kept us in that game and it was his only pitching appearance for us that entire season, his dad videotaped the whole thing.
My point is that, if you can stay around the strike zone, you can be a pitcher. Major League pitchers can throw in the upper nineties but success can be found with a less than blazing fastball.
Of course we all want more velocity on our pitches so we will go over a few things that will help pitchers get a little more pop in their catchers gloves when you pitch.

There is a misconception that pitchers get their power and velocity from their arms when, in fact, the majority comes from their legs. Sure the torque discussed earlier comes from your arm but pushing off of the rubber on the mound creates more drive and power than your arm can.
Now that we know where the power truly comes from you can cater your workouts to strengthening your legs. I’ll be honest, these workouts are not glamorous but you will appreciate them when you start to throw harder. The great thing is you don’t have to have a gym membership to get your legs stronger.
A word of warning, don’t jump into workouts if you haven’t been exercising regularly. Start off slowly and let your body get used to the increased activity. The goal here is to increase your pitching velocity, not to pull a hamstring.
The simplest thing to do is go jogging. Running will tone your legs and get your blood pumping, always a good thing when working out. Another one that I make my pitchers do is lunges. Just have the player’s lineup and have them take one normal step but have them squat down so their opposite knee touches the ground, take another step and repeat. After a couple of sets of these the guys will be sweating and rubbing their quads in front of their legs.
Squats are a good exercise as well. Stand with their feet a bit wider than their shoulders and act like they are going to sit straight down. Make sure their backs are straight for this exercise to have the proper effect.
These are the two primary things I put my pitchers through to work on their legs but there are more out there. I like these because they can do them at home and increase the difficulty by using dumbbells as well.

Like I mentioned earlier you don’t have to have a high velocity fastball to be a professional. One of the greatest pitchers I saw growing up was Greg Maddox. His fastball was, at best, around ninety miles per hour but he had incredible control and could hit his spots with any pitch he had. The low nineties sounds like a lot but we have a local high school junior pitcher who was clocked at ninety-three last year.
Many pitchers do have good fastballs which make players like Maddox stick out so much to me because he was unique.
Today’s game certainly is centered on higher velocity pitches. The amount of pitchers throwing in the middle nineties is pretty high.

Let’s be honest, everyone loves to see a pitcher who can throw heat. Team owners know this as well, which might explain why the stadiums have a miles per hour display somewhere around the field.
Pitchers recognize that having good velocity on their fastball is a great weapon to possess. Being able to have a lively fastball, and have a few other off-speed pitches to complement it, is what many pitchers hope to master.
For me I really enjoy seeing a power pitcher face a hitter who can hit a good fastball. It is a real treat to see two professionals trying to beat each other and creates additional drama that adds to the enjoyment of watching a baseball game.

Everyone realizes that exercise is a vital key to getting, or staying, in shape. Even though our brains know this information, our wills don’t always follow through with the actual exercise.
For pitchers exercise is something that they cannot afford to skip.
A good exercise regimen will prepare a pitcher for the demands that his body will go through. The good thing about exercise for pitchers is there are a good variety of things that can be done to get a good workout in.
I’m a strong believer in the value of long toss but I do not advocate jumping right into a long toss program, especially if a pitcher hasn’t been throwing much. The biggest thing I watch for when a pitcher starts working out in a new season is fatigue and soreness because it can lead to more serious problems. If a guy complains about his arm hurting we try to locate the muscle that is bothering him to make sure it is not his elbow or shoulder. If he does feel discomfort in either joint the pitcher is not throwing anymore, this is non-negotiable.
Muscle soreness is expected, that can be addressed with ice and rest. Any of us who do something physically strenuous, when we are not used to it, will be sore the next few days. For pitchers this soreness is normal but I would suggest that it is still monitored. Players don’t always want to admit when something is bothering them so coaches should be on the lookout for any warning signs. Guys rubbing something or making faces when they are throwing are good signs something might not be right. Any good coach will not allow a player to possibly hurt himself, long term, just to play baseball.
When you have built up your endurance to effectively use a long toss program you are successfully exercising your arm, but a pitcher isn’t done yet.
As mentioned earlier leg exercises are a necessity to any pitcher, especially if they want that velocity on their pitches. Running is a great thing to do, even after pitching. Pitchers routinely do pitching practice off to the side of the field in the bullpen. After a bullpen session do a few laps around the field. This is a quick way to get some exercise as well as help minimize any possible soreness from pitching.
I would also work in the lunges on alternating days. Going back and forth on exercises allows your body to heal and for the work you are putting in to really do the most benefit. It is also OK to have an off day to allow your body to rest completely. I tell my guys to have an off day or two during a calendar week but I do suggest some light stretching, just to keep loose.
These are just a few examples of pitching exercises that can be done. More are out there and pre-designed routines are available too for the guys who want everything mapped out for them.
Whatever you decide to do is OK, just keep putting the work in and the increased velocity on your pitches will be all of the validation you need for the effort you have put in.I’m not sure anyone can say with absolute certainty who the first major league baseball player was to use steroids, and so it can’t be determined where and when it all started. I will say, however, that the steroid era in major league baseball got underway and on its feet in the year 1986, the year Jose Canseco won the American League Rookie Of

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DIY Shampoo and Conditioner

Window air conditioners? Do people still buy window air conditioners? Yes, they do, and the window air conditioner market is alive and well, although the units barely resemble the models of old. Also called room air conditioners, today’s window air conditioners are sleek, and compared to the ones of just a couple of decades ago, they’re lightweight and small. Even if you’re renting your home, there’s no reason to suffer through the heat of summer. A window unit air conditioner can keep you cool and comfy, night and day.
Modern window unit air conditioners
Modern room air conditioners are a far cry from the obsolete energy monsters that people used to have in their homes. Today’s units are very energy efficient and are also more capable of cooling. Many models of window air conditioners also have extra features like air purifiers and voltage sensors that can adjust for periods of low voltage. Some models can even be operated by remote control. To really save on energy costs, choose a window air conditioner with an Energy Star rating.
Low profile window air conditioners
One of the most popular types of window air conditioners is the low profile model. These are small window air conditioners that take up little space. Some of these are only twelve inches tall, so they don’t block out a lot of window. They’re also very lightweight, so they can be moved from room to room with little fuss or bother. These units don’t overpower or overwhelm a room like many models of the past did.
The vertical window air conditioner
Another popular type is the vertical window air conditioner. These are made to be used in windows that slide open from side to side instead of opening by pushing the window up. Since more new houses are built with the sliding windows, the vertical window air conditioner is gaining steadily in popularity. This wasn’t usually an option with room air conditioners of the past.
Mini window air conditioners
There’s also something referred to as a mini air conditioner or a mini window air conditioner. As the name implies, these units are small and lightweight. They’re available in different BTUs. As an example, a 5,000 BTU mini window air conditioner can effectively cool 150 square feet. That’s about the size of an average bedroom. Some of these mini air conditioners come with special features like anti-bacterial filters and air-direction controls.
Why a window air conditioner?
You might be wondering why someone would purchase a window air conditioner when most people have central heat and air. For one thing, not everyone can afford to have a costly heat and air central system and ductwork installed, so a cheap window air conditioner can offer them some relief from sweltering summers.
Even homeowners who have central heat and air often purchase cheap window air conditioners to boost their cooling in extra-warm rooms in the home. Room air conditioners might also be used in newly added rooms instead of buying a larger central unit and having additional ductwork installed.
Renters frequently purchase window air conditioners for their apartments, condominiums, or rental houses. Some landlords are notorious for not keeping their cooling and heating systems up to date, and renters can enjoy inexpensive comfort from a cheap window air conditioner.
How much space can a window air conditioner cool?
An air conditioner’s power is measured in BTUs. The more BTUs an air conditioner has, the larger the area it can cool. Here’s a general rule of thumb for the cooling capability of window air conditioners:
5,000 BTU air conditioner – 150 square feet
6,000 BTU air conditioner – 200 square feet
8,000 BTU air conditioner – 300 square feet
10,000 BTU air conditioner – 350 square feet
12,000 BTU air conditioner – 500 square feet
15,000 BTU air conditioner – 700 square feet
18,000 BTU air conditioner – 1,000 square feet
24,000 BTU air conditioner – 1,500 square feet
Remember, this is just a general guideline. Depending on your unique situation, you may need a smaller or larger unit to effectively cool your room or rooms. If you use more than one window air conditioner, you can adjust different ones in your home for the comfort of different members of your family. If you like to sleep in cool conditions, but your kids prefer their rooms to be warmer, window air conditioners can easily handle the job.Your Airstream rooftop AC has seen its best days and you are ready to replace it with a new unit. The newer rooftop units are more efficient and do a better job of cooling your Airstream than the older models ever did. This article is intended help you replace the old rooftop cooling unit yourself with very little effort on your part.The Airstream travel trailer in this article is a 1986 Airstream Sovereign with an old Coleman Mach rooftop air conditioner which had given good service over the years. The fan motor is giving problems and to replace it would cost too much money when a new unit could be purchased for a little over twice the price of repairs. Even if the fan motor was replaced, AC compressor is old and could malfunction at any time. This would necessitate spending more money on repairs than a new rooftop unit would cost. So the obvious solution was to install a new cooling unit on the Airstream Sovereign travel trailer.We chose to go back with a Coleman 13,500 BTU rooftop AC because it had the same overhead clearance as the previous Coleman unit. Also, it came complete with the ceiling assembly and nothing else was needed, unlike some of the other units made by Carrier and Dometic. It was the best rooftop air conditioner for the money of those we researched, plus the ease of replacing a similar unit was taken in consideration. This same RV A/C is sold on this page along with other fine units made by Carrier and Dometic which are also well know for their efficiency and reliability.The choice is yours to decide as to the make and model of your new cooling unit and as they are all installed similarly, this article will work just as well for all of them. The new Coleman air conditioner arrived in only two days so we began by examining it closely to ascertain it wasn’t damaged while being shipped. It was in perfect shape and we were ready to begin the installation process. Because of the shiny aluminum skin covering most Airstream travel trailers, it is very important to use proper support and padding to prevent damage to roof covering while replacing the rooftop unit. This includes removing the old unit carefully and cleaning the roof thoroughly before installing the new one in your Airstream.Be sure to disconnect the electrical power from the trailer before removing the old unit. Remove the old ceiling assembly and disconnect the main electrical line from the AC unit. If you are hesitant about doing the electrical connections yourself then have someone experienced do this for you. There are only three wires to disconnect and removing them should pose no problems for you at this time. Remove the 4 bolts used for attaching the old rooftop unit to the ceiling assembly. After removing the AC shroud by loosening the 4 nuts holding it in place, the old rooftop unit can be carefully removed and lowered to the ground.In some cases the Airstream AC gasket has been treated with a sealant, perhaps several times over the many camping seasons. These sealants usually cause the old rooftop AC units to be stuck in place which requires using a thin putty knife to separate the old gasket from the Airstream roof. Carefully slide the putty knife beneath the old gasket until the unit can be easily removed. Remove any lingering roof coating adhesive with a strong solvent being careful not to let it discolor the area outside of the new gasket contact area. Check for any jagged edges or rough spots which could cause the gasket to allow moisture to seep through. This is a very important step to prevent leaks around the new rooftop AC unit.You are now ready to transport the new unit to the rooftop of your Airstream travel trailer. Unless you are very strong you will need some help with this job. Be very careful if using ladders as it is easy to lose your balance while lifting the new air condtioner. First, remove the new protective shroud to facilitate ease of handling and placement.Situating the new rooftop AC unit correctly requires some help to keep from having to go up and down the ladder several times to check both inside, and on the rooftop, to correctly align the new unit. By loosely connecting the 4 retaining bolts through the ceiling flange, you can move the new rooftop unit around until it is evenly spaced in the 14” square duct hole in the Airstream roof.Once you have the new unit in the right spot you can tighten the bolts which compresses the new gasket and insure a watertight seal. If you purchased the optional heating element for your rooftop AC, proceed to install it according to the enclosed directions. This is a simple pl

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How to Understand Football – A Primer

On and off the field, the players on this list have demonstrated profound deficiencies in character and morality. Whether through perpetual diving on the pitch or cheating on their wives off it, they need to be named and shamed to set an example for all upcoming sportsmen and women.
This list only includes currently active footballers. It also includes many players from the English Premier League and Spanish La Liga. With the largest audiences in the world, these leagues include the most hated players.
Occasionally, the hatred might be undeserved. For example, footballers who play for some of the biggest teams in the world are more likely to be hated by rival fans. If a number of players from the team you support are included here, take it as a compliment that your team riles the opposition!
To help justify the entries on this list, I have endeavored to find videos showing their most despicable acts. Enjoy, be outraged, or feel disgusted, for here come the shameful!Poor Ashley Young has a lot of trouble staying on his feet. Perhaps he has an enduring inner ear infection? More likely he has a disgusting inclination to cheat whenever the opportunity arises. The stats speak for themselves. Young won 11 penalties in 200 Premier League games before the end of 2012, and he’s continued `losing his balance’ since then. There is nothing wrong with winning penalties when you’re genuinely fouled, but even Alex Ferguson said he fell dramatically for one of the penalties he won for Manchester United in the 2011-12 season. In the 2013-14 season, he was also warned by David Moyes about his diving. Other managers and pundits have been less careful with their words, blatantly calling him a cheater and diver. He has been booked at least four times in his career for diving.The antics of Dani Alves may be motivated by something far worse than merely winning penalties. Being a full back, Alves doesn’t find himself in the opposition penalty area too often. Thus, Alves has adapted by feigning injury and exaggerating tackles in order to get opposition players sent off or booked. One of the most notable examples was against Real Madrid in a Champions League encounter. The video shows how Alves perfectly timed the movement of his leg to look as if he was brutally fouled. The Madrid player was sent off and Barcelona progressed to the next round. His formula of feigning injury until the referee reaches for a card has been repeated numerous times, and he damages the reputation of his great club, Barcelona.Sergio Ramos has had a long and distinguished career as Real Madrid’s most dirty player. At the time of writing this entry, Ramos has 19 red cards, which is a La Liga record. With several years to go before he retires, that number will surely rise. Ramos is a notoriously hard-tackling defender with a nasty temper and a penchant for kicking and elbowing his opponents. This has made him a widely hated player, resulting in tirades of laughter when he happens to balloon a penalty into the stands.There are so many reasons to despise Ashley Cole. Where do we start? He allegedly cheated on his ex-wife Cheryl Cole numerous times until she divorced him. He left the team that developed him into a quality player to get more money from a richer club. When he joined Twitter he faced a torrent of abuse from the thousands of people who hate him and responded by trolling them in ways that only a nasty little brat could imagine. He was convicted of speeding in a residential area, and his lawyer attempted to argue the police speed gun was faulty. He was fined for swearing at a police officer, and he shot a work experience lad with an air rifle. This list will no doubt get longer and longer.Other than his perpetual diving to win fouls and penalties and his tendency to be a petulant whinger, Ronaldo hasn’t done a huge amount wrong. Three things may have acted to exaggerate his faults though. First, he played for Manchester United, which always earns you a bad rub of the green. Second, he looks like a Ken Doll by wearing earrings and using hair gel, so there is a lot of scorn for this preening boy-band look from football fans. Third, he’s just a very good football player who will draw fouls from the opposition. Despite this, he achieved notorious levels of hatred during his time in the Premier League, although his diving antics have cooled since coming to Spain.Much like his Barcelona team-mate Dani Alves, Busquets takes simulation to a new level of ruinous disgust. The two of them have made many football fans despise Barcelona, and that is unforgivable. His antics are worse than Alves for the simple reason that he dives far more often and for far more innocuous challenges. In the video, you can see him actually in the process of cheating.There are many words to describe Patrice Evra and most are quite unpleasant, so let’s try to fit them all in! He is an angry, petulant, immature, whinging toad for his abuse of the captaincy of France’s World Cup 2010 team. He had an argument with one of the coaches and subsequently led a protest of all the players against the coaching staff that ultimately led to his nation’s elimination from the tournament. In 2012, he wiped his behind with a French football jersey. He is a nasty, vindictive prat who did more than his fair share in the Luis Suarez racism scandal by goading Suarez into the abuse. He makes trolling, caustic comments in the press about other football teams, notably calling Arsenal an “academy team” and a “load of rubbish”. He mocked ex-team-mate Dimitar Berbatov on the pitch and celebrated in front of Suarez (video).Where do we begin with this wretch? For most fans, Luis Suarez first came to hateful prominence when he hand-balled on the goal line to prevent a certain goal against Uruguay in the 2010 World Cup. With Ajax he bit an opponent (video). Since his move to the Premier League he has been accused of diving after winning a number of penalties for Liverpool. Then there is his ban for racially abusing Patrice Evra. In April 2013, Luis Suarez bit Branislav Ivanovich in a match against Chelsea. Shockingly, this Uruguayan vampire then bit Giorgio Chiellini in a 2014 World Cup match against Italy.For John Terry, there really is no end to the scathing headlines, and most of it is well deserved. Beginning in 2001 he taunted American tourists in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. In 2002 he urinated in a beer glass which he then dropped to the floor of a nightclub. In the same year, he was charged for assault and affray outside a nightclub. In 2008 he parked his expensive Bentley in a disabled parking space. In 2009 he allegedly gave tours of Chelsea’s training ground in return for bribes. Then in 2010 it was revealed that he cheated on his wife and two children by having an affair with a team-mates girlfriend. As if this wasn’t enough, he went to trial for allegedly racially abusing Anton Ferdinand during a 2011 football match. He was cleared of the abuse as it could not be completely proven. However, the Football Association only needed to prove that abuse was likely to have occurred, giving John Terry a 4-match ban.Among football fans there is no greater hatred than that reserved for Joey Barton. He is the biggest thug of them all and acts like a criminal on the pitch. He has received numerous red cards, has committed atrocious fouls, and continues to do so despite the attention his thuggery has received. What makes Barton such a hated figure is the way he loses his temper and strikes out at other players. One of the clearest examples came at the end of the 2011-12 Premier League season, as can be seen in the video.While this list is heavy with Manchester United players (past and present), a notable exclusion is Wayne Rooney. He is still regarded a hero by many fans for being England’s best player. Despite cheating on his wife with prostitutes, he is probably hated less than the 10 players on this list due to his perceived lack of intelligence and the fact that his wife forgave him. While I don’t endorse hatred of Manchester United, their players don’t do the club any favours.
This list of the most hated football players was compiled from the opinions of numerous football fans on many internet forums. The darker side of the beautiful game deserves as much attention as the goals, skills, and celebrations that make us smile. There is little hope of stopping fan violence and racism with these players providing such a hateful example.Since the 2008 Gallup poll does not address college results for each sport, this article entertains pro sports only. Another hub will compare college football to pro. This blog does not include individual sports.
Why is football considered the most popular sport in the country ahead of America’s pastime, baseball? Everyone knows Americans love seeing a good fight, so why is hockey on the bottom rung of team-sport popularity? Basketball features more continuous action than any other sport, but st

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DIY Shampoo and Conditioner

Window air conditioners? Do people still buy window air conditioners? Yes, they do, and the window air conditioner market is alive and well, although the units barely resemble the models of old. Also called room air conditioners, today’s window air conditioners are sleek, and compared to the ones of just a couple of decades ago, they’re lightweight and small. Even if you’re renting your home, there’s no reason to suffer through the heat of summer. A window unit air conditioner can keep you cool and comfy, night and day.
Modern window unit air conditioners
Modern room air conditioners are a far cry from the obsolete energy monsters that people used to have in their homes. Today’s units are very energy efficient and are also more capable of cooling. Many models of window air conditioners also have extra features like air purifiers and voltage sensors that can adjust for periods of low voltage. Some models can even be operated by remote control. To really save on energy costs, choose a window air conditioner with an Energy Star rating.
Low profile window air conditioners
One of the most popular types of window air conditioners is the low profile model. These are small window air conditioners that take up little space. Some of these are only twelve inches tall, so they don’t block out a lot of window. They’re also very lightweight, so they can be moved from room to room with little fuss or bother. These units don’t overpower or overwhelm a room like many models of the past did.
The vertical window air conditioner
Another popular type is the vertical window air conditioner. These are made to be used in windows that slide open from side to side instead of opening by pushing the window up. Since more new houses are built with the sliding windows, the vertical window air conditioner is gaining steadily in popularity. This wasn’t usually an option with room air conditioners of the past.
Mini window air conditioners
There’s also something referred to as a mini air conditioner or a mini window air conditioner. As the name implies, these units are small and lightweight. They’re available in different BTUs. As an example, a 5,000 BTU mini window air conditioner can effectively cool 150 square feet. That’s about the size of an average bedroom. Some of these mini air conditioners come with special features like anti-bacterial filters and air-direction controls.
Why a window air conditioner?
You might be wondering why someone would purchase a window air conditioner when most people have central heat and air. For one thing, not everyone can afford to have a costly heat and air central system and ductwork installed, so a cheap window air conditioner can offer them some relief from sweltering summers.
Even homeowners who have central heat and air often purchase cheap window air conditioners to boost their cooling in extra-warm rooms in the home. Room air conditioners might also be used in newly added rooms instead of buying a larger central unit and having additional ductwork installed.
Renters frequently purchase window air conditioners for their apartments, condominiums, or rental houses. Some landlords are notorious for not keeping their cooling and heating systems up to date, and renters can enjoy inexpensive comfort from a cheap window air conditioner.
How much space can a window air conditioner cool?
An air conditioner’s power is measured in BTUs. The more BTUs an air conditioner has, the larger the area it can cool. Here’s a general rule of thumb for the cooling capability of window air conditioners:
5,000 BTU air conditioner – 150 square feet
6,000 BTU air conditioner – 200 square feet
8,000 BTU air conditioner – 300 square feet
10,000 BTU air conditioner – 350 square feet
12,000 BTU air conditioner – 500 square feet
15,000 BTU air conditioner – 700 square feet
18,000 BTU air conditioner – 1,000 square feet
24,000 BTU air conditioner – 1,500 square feet
Remember, this is just a general guideline. Depending on your unique situation, you may need a smaller or larger unit to effectively cool your room or rooms. If you use more than one window air conditioner, you can adjust different ones in your home for the comfort of different members of your family. If you like to sleep in cool conditions, but your kids prefer their rooms to be warmer, window air conditioners can easily handle the job.Your Airstream rooftop AC has seen its best days and you are ready to replace it with a new unit. The newer rooftop units are more efficient and do a better job of cooling your Airstream than the older models ever did. This article is intended help you replace the old rooftop cooling unit yourself with very little effort on your part.The Airstream travel trailer in this article is a 1986 Airstream Sovereign with an old Coleman Mach rooftop air conditioner which had given good service over the years. The fan motor is giving problems and to replace it would cost too much money when a new unit could be purchased for a little over twice the price of repairs. Even if the fan motor was replaced, AC compressor is old and could malfunction at any time. This would necessitate spending more money on repairs than a new rooftop unit would cost. So the obvious solution was to install a new cooling unit on the Airstream Sovereign travel trailer.We chose to go back with a Coleman 13,500 BTU rooftop AC because it had the same overhead clearance as the previous Coleman unit. Also, it came complete with the ceiling assembly and nothing else was needed, unlike some of the other units made by Carrier and Dometic. It was the best rooftop air conditioner for the money of those we researched, plus the ease of replacing a similar unit was taken in consideration. This same RV A/C is sold on this page along with other fine units made by Carrier and Dometic which are also well know for their efficiency and reliability.The choice is yours to decide as to the make and model of your new cooling unit and as they are all installed similarly, this article will work just as well for all of them. The new Coleman air conditioner arrived in only two days so we began by examining it closely to ascertain it wasn’t damaged while being shipped. It was in perfect shape and we were ready to begin the installation process. Because of the shiny aluminum skin covering most Airstream travel trailers, it is very important to use proper support and padding to prevent damage to roof covering while replacing the rooftop unit. This includes removing the old unit carefully and cleaning the roof thoroughly before installing the new one in your Airstream.Be sure to disconnect the electrical power from the trailer before removing the old unit. Remove the old ceiling assembly and disconnect the main electrical line from the AC unit. If you are hesitant about doing the electrical connections yourself then have someone experienced do this for you. There are only three wires to disconnect and removing them should pose no problems for you at this time. Remove the 4 bolts used for attaching the old rooftop unit to the ceiling assembly. After removing the AC shroud by loosening the 4 nuts holding it in place, the old rooftop unit can be carefully removed and lowered to the ground.In some cases the Airstream AC gasket has been treated with a sealant, perhaps several times over the many camping seasons. These sealants usually cause the old rooftop AC units to be stuck in place which requires using a thin putty knife to separate the old gasket from the Airstream roof. Carefully slide the putty knife beneath the old gasket until the unit can be easily removed. Remove any lingering roof coating adhesive with a strong solvent being careful not to let it discolor the area outside of the new gasket contact area. Check for any jagged edges or rough spots which could cause the gasket to allow moisture to seep through. This is a very important step to prevent leaks around the new rooftop AC unit.You are now ready to transport the new unit to the rooftop of your Airstream travel trailer. Unless you are very strong you will need some help with this job. Be very careful if using ladders as it is easy to lose your balance while lifting the new air condtioner. First, remove the new protective shroud to facilitate ease of handling and placement.Situating the new rooftop AC unit correctly requires some help to keep from having to go up and down the ladder several times to check both inside, and on the rooftop, to correctly align the new unit. By loosely connecting the 4 retaining bolts through the ceiling flange, you can move the new rooftop unit around until it is evenly spaced in the 14” square duct hole in the Airstream roof.Once you have the new unit in the right spot you can tighten the bolts which compresses the new gasket and insure a watertight seal. If you purchased the optional heating element for your rooftop AC, proceed to install it according to the enclosed directions. This is a simple pl

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Cricket – All Time Legends

IPL is an abbreviation of Indian Premier League. IPL is a domestic tournament of Cricket in India in T20 format. T20 format has become the most popular cricket format in the cricket world since its inception.
Popularity of T20 or twenty-twenty format of cricket has surpassed one day international (ODI) and test cricket formats in popularity. IPL has ignited madness among cricket lovers all over the world and especially in India.
BCCI (Board of Cricket Control in India) organized Indian Premier League (IPL) every year in India. IPL 2010 is the third one in a series. This IPL is sponsored by DLF, a premier construction company in India. IPL T20 has become a major source of revenue for BCCI and Indian Government. Brand value of Indian Premier League (IPL) is calculated as the sixth highest in all world sports events.
Eight regional teams have been participating in IPL T20 cricket. These are as follow:
1. Mumbai Indians (Mumbai)2. Kolkata Knight Riders (Kolkata)3. Delhi Dare Devils (Delhi)4. Chennai Super Kings (Chennai)5. Deccan Chargers (Hyderabad)6. Bangalore Royal Challengers (Bangaluru)7. Punjab Kings Eleven (Punjab)8. Rajasthan Royals (Rajasthan)
Few more teams will be added soon in this league.
Each team is sponsored by a sponsor. Each team can hire players from India and other countries. However, it is mandatory to take 4 players from the region. Large numbers of foreign players are participating in IPL T20 because of huge amount of money.
Each team plays with each team in league matches. Top four teams play in Semi finals. Winner of both semi finals then play the final match and winner of the final match becomes champion of the IPL T20. Rajasthan Royals won the first IPL T20 and Deccan Chargers bagged the trophy in 2009.
IPL 3 T20, sponsored by DLF is on from March 12, 2010. It has caught the wave of Indian and world cricket. Set Max has the sole distribution right of IPL T20 in India.
Five matches has been played so far (March 14, 2010) in IPL 3. Kolkata Knight riders are in the top winning both their matches. Delhi Dare Devils, Deccan Chargers and Mumbai Indians have won one match each till date.The classical form of cricket is test cricket. It has been played for five long days, six hours a day. It takes longer time in comparison to one day internationals(ODI). One day international matches take just one day. All types of cricket matches are played between two teams having 11 players each side.
Both the teams play two innings in test cricket format. There is no restriction or limit of time in playing an innings. One of the teams bat first and play their innings till 10 of the batsmen out. The opponent team bats the next in the same way. The first team then comes again to bat their second innings as their first. The opponent team plays again their second innings. Sum total of both innings of both the teams decide the result.
Many times all four innings can not be completed even in prescribed five days and match ends with a timing draw. This feature of test cricket makes it unpopular. People do not have patience and time of five days to watch a test match in modern and busy life.
One day internationals had come in the seventh decade of twentieth century as a faster format of cricket. Soon it become popular in the cricket world. ICC had started organizing world cup for cricket in ODI format. First world cup was organized in 1975 in England and West Indies became the world champion of cricket.West Indies won the championship three times and India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka bagged the trophy once. Australia has won the championship for four times and they are the present champions.
Both the teams play a limited 50 overs in ODI format of cricket. The team, who scores higher in 50 overs becomes the winner. One day internationals are limited over matches and completed with in a day.
T20 is even faster format of cricket which takes approximately 3 hours to be completed. Each of the teams plays only twenty overs. The team scores higher in twenty overs becomes the winner. T20 or Twenty-twenty format of cricket has started in this century, just few years back. However, it has become more popular than both test matches and ODIs.
ICC has started world cup for T20 format of cricket and India was the first Champion in T20 format. The second one was won by Pakistan and the third T20 world cup will be played this year.
Kolkata Knight Riders won the IPL T20 cricket final defeating Kings eleven Punjab by 3 wickets in the year 2014. Batting first Kings XI Punjab scored 199 in twenty overs and KKR crossed it scoring 200 in 19.3 overs to be the champion in 2014. The final match was played on Sunday 1st June 2014, at M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru
Robin Uthappa (KKR) won the orange cap (Best batsman) in the tournament scoring highest 660 runs in IPL 2014. He was followed by Dwaine Smith (CSK, 566 runs) and Glen Maxwell (KXIP, 552 runs).
Mohit Sharma (Chennai Super Kings) won the purple cap for best bowler in IPL T20, in 2014. He bagged 23 wickets in the series. Sunil Narine (KKR) and Bhuvaneshwar Kunar (SRH) followed him for second and third positions with 21 and 20 wickets respectively to their credit.
Glenn Maxwell of KXIP was declared most valuable player with 286 points followed by Dwaine Smith (285.5 points) and Robin Uthappa (288 points). Kieren Pollard took the best catch in the tournament. Cricket as a Career
Cricket is considered to be a viable career option as opined by a celebrity, in a daily newspaper, recently. I read it and felt it to be a right observation. Till few years ago, in India, most of the responsible parents and the guardians took sports as a whole to be a pass time. For them it was a pleasure to watch and allowed children to play whatever they like to, during free time, just for relaxation, fun and health.
The sports scenario has definitely changed in India. Thanks to all the cricket celebrities along with our other sports personalities such as Abhinav Bindra (shooting), Sania Mirza (tennis), Saina Nehwal (badminton) and a huge list of sports personalities to follow. Still, there is a whooping difference between cricket and other sports. Cricket brings in instant stardom. It provides name and fame within a very short time. The preference for cricket has multiplied by many folds in the last four years quite significantly. The full credit goes to the cricket tournament started in 2008 in India named Indian Premier League popularly known as IPL.
Popularity of Cricket
India is a cricket loving country. From children to adults, male or female, ordinary to famous, almost every Indian love to watch cricket. Children and youths love to play cricket than any other sports. This is not a matter of few years. Cricket has enjoyed this privilege from long back and now it has gained a huge popularity among all the sections due to lots of tournaments and glamorous media coverage. Among the cricket tournaments IPL has played a pivotal role.Introduction of IPL
Today, I’m interested in discussing the different advantages of IPL. Well before going into it let me give you an introduction of IPL. It started four years ago in 2008 and it is the brain-child of Mr. Lalit Modi, the first chairman of this prestigious event. It was a sporting event with full of extravaganza and instantly it became popular among all the cricket loving countries. It is a Twenty20 cricket tournament which is also known as T20. In 2008, when it started it had eight teams. This cricket tournament is not representing any nation rather it is played almost like club tournaments. IPL consists of Indian cricketers and foreign cricketers too. Each team has a franchise. Every decision regarding the team, the cricketers even their payments, the management and the support staff is to be taken by the owners that are the franchises. One very interesting aspect of IPL is the selection of cricketers. The players are just not selected for any particular team by the franchise but the different franchises bid for the cricketers of their choice. The franchise who is the highest bidder for the particular player wins the bidding and the player has to join that team.
Changes within IPL
This year is the 4th season of the IPL. In 2011, the IPL has undergone a few very prominent changes. They are:
1. The chairman has changed and the new chairman is Mr. Chirayu Amin.
2. Two more teams have been added and so now there are ten teams participating in the tournament.
3. Playing rules have also been changed this year which made IPL much more fun. Advantages of IPL
Now, let me come back to my main intention of writing this hub. I have intended to write on the advantages of IPL. There are lots of benefits from IPL, such as:
A: Players of many various countries come and play together as one team under one particular franchise. It’s a punch of different cultures and values. It’s definitely globalization of mixed culture which helps to value one another’s country and their culture.
B: Mostly

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<article><div id=”title”><div class=”author_attribution”> <div class=”author_attribution_img”> <img src=”http://s1.hubimg.com/u/4433632_50.jpg” alt=”Sharon Ranae profile image” title=”Sharon Ranae profile image”/> </div> <div class=”author_byline”> by <a href=”http://sharonranae.hubpages.com/” rel=”author”>Sharon Ranae</a><br/> 2 Followers </div> </div><div class=”title_box”><div class=”"><h1>Natural Hair Moisturizing Conditioner Review</h1>

Have you ever thought about buying a portable air conditioner? Do you have an outdoor workshop or some other building that you spend time in that isn’t part of your home? Or how about a room inside your home that isn’t cooled by your central air conditioning system? Even if you have a central unit, if you have a room with southern exposure and live in a hot, humid climate, your central unit might need extra help to keep certain rooms in your home cool and comfy. You might be thinking that your best option is a window air conditioner, but you could be wrong. For example, most basements don’t have windows, and your workshop might not, either. So what’s the best solution to your cooling problem? It might very well be a portable air conditioner!

What’s a portable air conditioner?
A portable air conditioner is an air conditioning unit that can be moved from room to room or from your house to your workshop. Since they’re stand alone units, portable air conditioners require no installation. All you have to do is plug it up and run the exhaust hose through a window, and you’re ready to enjoy cool, refreshing air.
Portable air conditioning units not only cool rooms – they also remove the warm air and humidity from the room and expel it outside via the hose. The unwanted moisture collects in the water pan and needs to be emptied periodically.
Think of portable air conditioners as coolers – not chillers. They’re not as powerful as most window units or as central cooling systems. They will, however, make an area much more comfortable with the combined effects of cooling and removing humidity. As you might already know, dry air can feel much cooler than moist air, even when both are the same temperature. Portable air conditioning units address both problems.
Why a portable air conditioner?

As already mentioned, portable air conditioners can provide much needed cooling in outbuildings or in parts of your home that aren’t connected to your central air system. Even if your entire home is serviced by your central system, a portable air conditioner can also be used to provide extra cooling and dehumidifying in especially hot and humid times of the year. You might have a room with a southwest exposure that just doesn’t get as cool as the rest of the house. Portable air conditioning units could be beneficial here, too.
Portable air conditioners aren’t fixed in a certain location the way window units are. They’re freestanding and can be moved from place to place easily. They also come in different sizes, so if you need a small portable air conditioner for a small area, or whether you need a larger portable air conditioner that’s capable of cooling a larger area, you can find the size that fits your needs.
Portable air conditioners can actually be used all year, even when cooling isn’t needed. They can also function as fans and as dehumidifiers.
What size portable air conditioner will I need?
The size portable air conditioner you’ll need depends on the size of the room or rooms you want to cool. First, figure the square footage of the room. Portable air conditioners come in four sizes, based on their BTUs.
For rooms up to 150 square feet, you’ll need a 7,500-BTU portable air conditioner.
For rooms up to 200 square feet in size, purchase a 9,000-BTU portable unit.
If your room is larger than 200 square feet but smaller than 250 square feet, you’ll need a 10,000-BTU portable air conditioner.
A 12,000-BTU portable air conditioner will cool up to 350 square feet.
How much do portable air conditioners cost?
Portable air conditioners generally cost a little more than window air conditioners, but of course they’re much cheaper than buying a larger central unit and running additional ductwork. And if you have two rooms or areas that need cooling at different times during the day, one portable air conditioner will work where two window units would be required.
To view an example of a portable air conditioner, see the photo below the article links.When we were younger, we could probably get away with using nothing but a bit of the supermarket’s own shampoo and as far as conditioner was concerned, what was that? Sadly as I have found from my own experience, things don’t stay that way. As I have got older, I have noticed how my once glossy, wavy hair has turned grey through more of it than I really feel comfortable with and what was once a wash and leave, has become a nightmare unless I keep it brushed, washed and conditioned. Don’t even bother asking what happens on those rare occasions when I can drop the roof of my car and feel the wind in my hair… Not only has the colour of my hair changed–and before you ask, I’m not going to go off on one now, telling you which is the best hair colourant, because I’m not. Although my hair is very long, I’m determined to grow old and grey–gracefully.To be honest, all I can tell you is that it is what has worked best for Penny and I.We’re both fast approaching what those in the know laughingly call ‘middle age’ and frankly don’t feel any different than when we were much, much younger.But we are.Our metabolism has changed and so too has our hair.Penny prefers to keep hers coloured and although I tried once, I really can’t be bothered with the upkeep choosing instead to let mine stay as is–a mix of steely grey and mid brown reaching almost down to my backside.Both of us however, have to take care of our locks and to that end, we have tried various different hair products to try and find something that fits us. Between us, we have come up with the following pearls of wisdom:This we use daily and having tried Tresemme, various L’Oreal products including Elvive and Pantenne Pro V, we have come to the conclusion that the first two have serious faults as far as how it left OUR hair.
L’Oreal
We had Elvive for a while and while it’s marketed very heavily on the television, is made by one of the biggest beauty-product manufacturers out there, trying it we found that it wasn’t nearly as good as they made out.
For a start, it’s an absolute nightmare to rinse out.
As an ex-hairdresser, I have been trained in how to know when hair is free of product and I just couldn’t seem to get it out.
Not only that, but it also left my hands feeling kind of oily and the only thing I could think of was the use of silicone.
This is something which can make hair feel silky smooth, but at a cost: it also makes it feel greasy.
So that one went out of the window… um… not literally, we just stopped using it and didn’t even finish the bottle.Salon quality is its marketing and salon quality didn’t seem to be what we found. In fact, we found that this left our hair feeling like it was a handful of wire wool. It felt incredibly stripped, course and not at all how we had envisaged so called ‘salon quality hair shampoo ‘ leaving our hair. We even tried the conditioner afterwards, but it didn’t ever feel right. It didn’t have the same effect as L’Oreal in that it didn’t leave our hands and hair feeling like it had just been sprayed with engine oil, but it wasn’t good and once dried, getting a brush through it was like being tortured. Five minutes of brushing and I would have admitted to anything… Strike two. Admittedly, not all of the products in this range suit us, but we have found the Pantene Pro V Repair and Protect line about the best for us.
The fact that I don’t have my hair cut on a regular basis, means I have probably enough split ends to give Vidal Sassoon a heart attack, so rather than cut them all out and risk losing the length, I go for a good quality shampoo and conditioner.
The shampoo is nice to use and despite the fact that most people say I have more than my fair share of hair, I don’t need gallons of product to shampoo my hair.
Pantene Pro V doesn’t leave my hands or my hair feeling like they have just been through an oil bath, but at the same time, doesn’t leave it feeling dry, brittle and as though you’d be better off scouring the dirty baking tray with it than brushing it.To go with the Pantene Pro V Repair and Protect shampoo, we use Pantene’s Pro V Repair and Protect Conditioner.There’s nothing to say that you have to use the same type of conditioner as your shampoo, but it’s what suits us. Having had a reasonable number of decades to have tried a wealth of products–including professional products from my point of view, I think I can safely say that this is probably the best range currently on the market.If they do use silicone, it’s in small quantities and leaves the hair largely tangle-free and the most manageable that any product leaves it. Basically, like with the shampoo, I don’t need huge dollops and find it rinses out quickly without leaving any kind of oily or greasy residue.Two thumbs up for this.No, sadly I am not being paid by Pantene to extol the virtues of its products, but we seriously get on with their hair care range.Penny swims four or more times a week before work at our loc

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