Who will be the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup Winner?

In the game of cricket, there is always given more credit to a batsman. Bowlers are often missed out despite of giving match-winning performance. The media goes gaga over a batsman’s century, the same appreciation is a far-cry when a bowler takes precious wickets. Bowlers get recognition when they take, say more than five wickets, for instance. Having said that, the game of cricket was to the better part of 80′s and 90′s ruled by fiery pace bowlers. West Indies produced top class fast bowlers like Curtly Ambrose, Courtney Walsh, and many more. Bowlers were a major reason that West Indies won the inaugural World cup and defended successfully the next time in 1979. More than West Indies, the Pakistanis learned more from the West Indies legends. The ninety’s saw the likes of Wasim Akram, Waqar Younis, Imran Khan, and Shoib Akhtar letting their bowling speak for them. Courtesy fantastic bowling the team went on to win the world cup in 1992. Wasim Akram’s dismissed Ian Botham (England) for a duck which set the game in Pakistan’s favour, though the wicket caused a controversy back in England. As the overs went Akram dismissed Alec Stewart, Graeme Hick, and Graham Gooch to leave England tattering. Akram came back again to dismiss Allan Lamb which in the meantime build a solid partnership of 71 with fellow batsman Niel Fairbrother.In between of all this, spin bowlers from India, Sri Lanka, and Australia came to the forefront whenever their respective teams required wickets. Now the leading wicket taker in the world, Muthiah Muralidharan, an off-spinner’s guide-book, opposition’s worry, leads with an impressive 800 wicket in test cricket and 522 wickets in one day international (as of writing).Below is the list of greatest bowlers that the game of cricket has ever produced. Watch as a slide show or scroll down to find the greatest bowlers of all time.The below list was not created to demean the achievements of some other bowlers that they were not good enough, but to highlight the achievements of some of them.To 10 Greatest BowlersIn cricket, swing is a potent weapon in the battle of willow and leather. There are three basic types of swing: in-swing, out-swing and reverse swing. Reverse swing, whether it goes away from the batsman or otherwise, goes contrary to a batsman’s expectation. The cricket ball swings in a manner contrary to what the seam position and shine of the ball suggests it should. Based on that, reverse swings is characterized as follows: The ball swinging towards the shiny side of the ball as opposed to moving towards the rough side (as in conventional swing) The ball moving in the opposite direction of the seam With conventional swing, the increased drag on the rough side of the ball causes the shinier side to move faster through the air. This creates a side force that acts in the direction of the shiny side. Even with a new ball, an upright, angled seam can generate swing when bowled at high speeds. This seems strange to many, but it depends on the following elements: Bowler’s bowling action and pace The condition of the ball Atmospheric conditions – like humidity Pitch conditions – a drier pitch roughens both sides of the ball, which is necessary for reverse swing Scientist Rabindra Mehta, a long-time friend of former Pakistan captain Imran Khan, posited that true reverse swing occurs when the ball moves in a direction opposite to that of the seam position. Seam bowlers, who are not genuinely fast, can generate conventional swing easily. However, this can only occur up to a certain speed threshold, because the higher velocity in the forward motion reduces the impact of the side force necessary for swing. Therefore, for genuinely fast bowlers, the seam position becomes more important in generating swing. Mehta suggests that the seam position is more prominent because it causes the boundary layer of air around the ball to separate earlier at the top of the ball than at the bottom of it. This argument suggests that bowlers who bowl upwards of 90 miles (140 kilometres) per hour can only generate reverse swing. So what really obtains is that the effect of the turbulent air around the seam outweighs the effect of the pressure differentials of the ball.
Reverse swing bowler Waqar Younis also suggested that a dry pitch was helpful in producing reverse swing. The former Pakistan captain and coach stated that the dry pitch made both sides of the ball rough, although one side was significantly rougher than the other. Waqar also noted that the Pakistan bowlers did not touch the sides of the ball, since this might dampen the ball and reduce the effect. Waqar may have had a point, since reduced side force could have accentuated the importance of the seam position.Reverse swing was one viewed like a magician’s trick or diabolical effect brought about by ball tampering. The idea that the ball is going the “wrong” way is common, since cricket has terms for balls that goes the “wrong way.” The “googly” and “doosra” are terms used when leg-spinners and off-spinners spin the ball in the opposite direction to what their bowling action suggests.
Looking at the mechanics of the googly or doosra, one would observe what causes the ball to spin the other way. Technically, reverse swing is merely in-swing or out-swing that defies expectation. The idea that the ball “reverses” is just another one of cricket’s “wrong one” analogies. Science shows that there are merely different ways of producing outswing and in-swing. When it’s caused strictly by pressure differentials, it is conventional swing. However, when the swing is caused primarily by the seam, it is reverse swing – just a case of one force over-ruling another.
The reason it took so long for reverse swing to be accepted is its association with ball tampering. This is especially as exponents of reverse swing usually hail from the sub-continent – Pakistan in particular. Indeed, the art and science of reverse swing is not yet fully understood and is barely understood in some quarters of the cricket world. There is merit to the idea that ball tampering can aid reverse swing, however. For example, if the seam position is elevated on the shinier side of the ball, that would create additional turbulence on the shinier side of the ball. This causes the ball to swing in the direction of the shinier side.
One can suppose that reverse swing is to fast bowlers what googlies and doosras are to leg-spinners and off-spinners. It will remain part of cricket’s terminology and certainly will be an additional weapon for fast bowlers on even the most unforgiving pitches.
One thing I adore about summer is hearing the crickets chirp all night. I love to sleep with my windows open and let them sing me to sleep. Crickets are fascinating little insects who are said to bring luck to a home which they visit. In China, they are kept in intricate bamboo cages as honored pets. Learn more about these wonderful little critters and open your windows tonight to hear their song. I’ve heard of some people who get annoyed by their chirping, but I’m guessing they miss them come winter.And lonely little boys looking for loveThe chirping that you hear all night is actually male crickets rubbing their wings together trying to lure a female to them. Not so romantic when you put it that way and not quite as simple either. The male cricket rubs a sharp ridge on one wing against files on the other wing. The tone of the chirping depends upon the distance between the wrinkles.There are several reasons why crickets chirp. They may be trying to attract a female with a a loud and monotonous sound, trying to impress a nearby female with quick, soft chirps, being aggressive to a rival male, or even sounding an alarm call as a warning of danger.Cricket at the Sunset Zoo, KansasBuy From Art.comTuck your little ones in with a good bedtime story and let them drift off to sleep soothed by the sound of the crickets chirping in the night.Listen to the chirps to estimate the temperatureCan you really tell the temperature by the number of cricket chirps?YES! It’s true, the chirping frequency varies depending on the temperature. To estimate the temperature (F), count the number of chirps in 15 seconds and then add 37. The number you get will be an approximation of the outside temperature.How cool -or hot- is that? Speckled Bush-Cricket, Feeding on Sta…Buy From Art.comFrom WikipediaThe sound emitted by crickets is commonly referred to as chirping; the scientific name is stridulation. Only the male crickets chirp. The sound is emitted by the stridulatory organ, a large vein running along the bottom of each wing, covered with “teeth” (serration) much like a comb. The chirping sound is created by running the top of one wing along the teeth at the bottom of the other wing. As he does this, the cricket also holds the wings up and open, so that the wing membranes can act as acoustical sails.

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Baseball Card Dealer’s View: Best and Worst Deals of All Time

Los Angeles Dodger outfielder Manny Ramirez was suspended for fifty games last week for violating Major League Baseball’s drug policy. He allegedly tested positive for HCG which is a fertility drug banned by Baseball and used by women trying to get pregnant. Hey, what does baseball have against kids? Just a few weeks prior more allegations were revealed involving Alex Rodriguez who some consider to be one of the greatest players ever. Rodriguez had already admitted to using steroids during a three year period while playing for the Texas Rangers. He is now implicated in a scam where he communicated with opposing players to the detriment of his team in the hope that they would reciprocate. The reality is that the day after Abner Doubleday invented baseball in the mid 1800s, players, coaches, and managers began trying to figure out ways to bend the rules. Cheating is as old as the game itself. The problem is that some cheating has always been acceptable, but in the last ten years the line between what is acceptable cheating and what isn’t has become blurry. Much of the talk revolving around steroids and other performance enhancing drugs and cheating involves the player in question’s legacy and whether they should be included in Baseball’s Hall of Fame. With this in mind, let’s examine the case of Gaylord Perry and Mark McGuire. Perry pitched in the major leagues for twenty-two years compiling some impressive stats along the way including 314 wins, 3534 strikeouts, and two Cy Young awards.  Perry retired after the 1983 season and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1991 with 77% of the voters including him on their ballot.  (72% is needed for induction).  Gaylord Perry was an admitted and proven cheater.  He was ejected from a game and suspended in 1982 for doctoring the baseball.  Throughout his career Perry used the “spitball” and the threat of the spitball to his advantage over hitters clearly violating baseball’s rules regarding altering the baseball.  Perry would use a foreign substance like petroleum jelly that he would hide somewhere on his uniform like the bill of his cap or under the belt.  By applying the substance to the ball prior to the pitch, Perry would be able to make the ball move in directions that under normal circumstances it would not.  Perry used a series of hand motions and gestures before and during his delivery designed to deceive the hitter and make him think that the spitter might be coming.  It not known how many “spitters” Perry would throw a game, probably only a few, but by getting hitters to think he was throwing it gave him an advantage.  Perry was only caught the one time late in his career even though it was widely known or suspected that he was doctoring the ball throughout his career.  Perry’s autobiography is titled: Me and the Spitter.  Mark McGuire, however, was never caught cheating and has never admitted to any wrong doing.  Over the course of his sixteen year big league career, McGuire certainly accumulated Hall of Fame worthy numbers including 583 career home runs which at the time made him fifth on baseball’s all-time home run list behind only baseball immortals Babe Ruth, Hank Aaron, Willie Mays, and Frank Robinson.  McGuire also broke one of the most prestigious records in all of sports when he hit seventy home runs in 1998 breaking Roger Maris’ record of sixty-one set in 1961.   McGuire did admit to using the supplement androstenedione (andro) after an Associated Press reporter found a bottle in his locker after a game in 1998.  At the time, andro was legally available over the counter in the U.S. and not banned by Major League Baseball even though it had already been banned by several athletic bodies including the National Football League and the World Anti-Doping Agency which governs the Olympics.  When McGuire retired from baseball in 2001, he was considered an absolute lock for the Hall of Fame.  A funny thing happened however in the five year eligibility interval that a player is required to wait after retirement.  America suddenly found “religion” regarding Steroid use in baseball, and when McGuire testified in front of congress in 2005 along with other players on the topic, he made a fool of himself.  He refused to answer questions reading the following prepared statement:“Asking me or any other player to answer questions about who took steroids in front of television cameras will not solve the problem. If a player answers ‘No,’ he simply will not be believed; if he answers ‘Yes,’ he risks public scorn and endless government investigations…. My lawyers have advised me that I cannot answer these questions without jeopardizing my friends, my family, and myself. I will say, however, that it remains a fact in this country that a man, any man, should be regarded as innocent unless proven guilty.”When pressed and asked if he was invoking his fifth amendment rights, McGuire responded,“I’m not here to talk about the past. I’m here to be positive about this subject.”In 2007 when McGuire first became eligible for Hall of Fame, he received only 23% of the necessary votes.  In 2008 he received the same amount which is far below what is necessary for induction.Baseball more than any other sport is a game of numbers.  It has always been the way to compare players of different eras.  Some numbers have always been considered “Holy Grails” for induction into the Hall of Fame for example, 500 home runs, 3000 hits, and 300 wins, but apparently that is going to change.Barry Bonds will be eligible for the Hall of Fame in 2012. It is highly unlikely that Bonds will make it into the hall despite passing Aaron as Baseball’s all-time home run king and despite passing McGuire and setting the single season home run record in 2001 with seventy-three.Even though Bonds has never admitted using steroids, it is widely accepted that he did. He is also currently under indictment for perjury and obstruction of justice. If Bonds is convicted, it may give Hall of Fame voters the out that they need not to vote for him. What about players like Sammy Sosa, Rafael Palmiero, and Roger Clemens? All three have Hall of Fame numbers. While Sosa and Clemens have never, to this date, admitted using performance enhancing drugs or failed a drug test, it widely believed that they did. Clemens is currently under investigation for lieing to Congress about his drug use.  Palmiero just a few months after wagging his finger at Congress claiming that he had never used any performance enhancers, failed a drug test. What happens when current players Alex Rodriguez and Manny Ramirez become eligible? What happens if a player who is not suspected to have used Steroids, say Mike Piazza, is inducted and then it comes out that they did use Steroids? Would Baseball have to remove him from the Hall under these circumstances?  It is also interesting to consider that prior to 2002, Baseball did not test players for steroids, and to this day Baseball still does not test for human growth hormone (HGH) which is the current drug du jour.In 2006 Baseball commissioned former Senator George Mitchell to lead a full investigation into past steroid use by major league players.  The Mitchell Report was supposed to culminate the so-called steroid era in Major League Baseball.  It was supposed to be the definitive investigation designed to close the book and allow players and fans to move on and leave the past behind.  At least that Bud Selig and the rest of the Lords of Baseball had hoped.   Unfortunately for them it hasn’t exactly worked out that way.  In the near future, the focus will remain on pending cases like the ones against Roger Clemens and Barry Bonds as they weave their way through the courts and players like Manny Ramirez as they continue to fail drug tests.  But the final say of the steroid era will lie with the Hall of Fame voters and will not be over until all the suspected players are eligible and eventually denied induction.  Part Two of this Series will examine the history of cheating in baseball.
The Best Baseball Hitters listed in this article do not include Babe Ruth, Willie Mays, Ted Williams, Lou Gehrig, Mike Schmidt, Joe Morgan, Honus Wagner, or Johnny Bench. These eight men were written about already in my previous article “Greatest Nine Players in Baseball History.” So besides those men, these are, in my opinion after diligent research, the Best Baseball Hitters of all time. Ty Cobb (1886-1961) was a 6’2″, 180 lb., country boy from Georgia. Even after he became the biggest baseball star of his generation, Cobb was insecure because of his unsophisticated background. This insecurity would turn into a burning rage if Cobb felt his honor disrespected.
In 1905, Ty Cobb’s father snuck up on his own house, trying to catch his wife cheating on him. Cobb’s mother heard a rustle in the bushes, and thinking it was an intruder, shot her hus

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The Big Market Effect on Baseball and the Teams Best at getting the Most out of their Money.

17,000 men have played Major League Baseball since it began in 1876. Of those, 202 former players have been voted into the Hall of Fame as the best ever. Let’s take a look at arguably the nine greatest of those—one at each position. This is not easy to discern as the game is always changing. We cannot rely on statistics alone, though any knowledgeable baseball fan knows that is a chief criteria, because players in different eras were not under the same circumstances. Also, in regard to hitters, defensive skills must be considered, which are more difficult to quantify. There have been many great players whose careers were cut short by injury. So, perhaps a better title might be “the best nine careers in major league baseball history.”
Walter Johnson was
6’1” 200 lbs. He was born in 1887 and grew up on a farm in
Humboldt, Kansas. Walter Johnson
pitched for the Washington Senators from 1907 to 1927. He is one of the few pitchers in baseball
history with an overpowering fastball who threw sidearm. For his day, he had a fearsome
fastball. One of the greatest hitters
ever, Ty Cobb, once said, “The thing hissed with danger,” and
that Johnson had “The most powerful arm ever turned loose in a ballpark.”
Walter Johnson’s career strikeout total
stood as the Major League record for 55 years.
Still today, he has the second most victories ever, and the most career
shutouts: 110. In five seasons he posted the lowest Earned Run Average or ERA (earned runs
surrendered per nine innings pitched) of all pitchers in the league; six times won the most games; twelve times
struck out the most batters including nine straight seasons. Walter Johnson is remembered as kind, gentle, good-natured man, and a fine
example of good sportsmanship and friendly competition. He died of a brain tumor at age 58 in
1946. Babe Ruth was 6’2
215 lbs. His career spanned from 1914 to 1935.
Babe Ruth was from Baltimore,
where he was born in 1895. He died in 1948
from pneumonia at 53 years old, after battling cancer for two years. The Babe was the best hitter in Major League
history, as judged by a statistic that wasn’t around in his day, but is
generally agreed to be the best measure today: his career OPS of 1.164 (a combination of On
Base Percentage [he is 2nd all time] and Slugging Percentage[1st all
time]). Babe Ruth led the American
League in Slugging Average (SLG) 13 straight years; had the highest On Base Percentage (OBP) 10
times; scored the most runs 8 times; and hit the most Home Runs (HR) in 12 different
seasons. Still today, Babe Ruth has,
for his career, the 3rd most HR ever in Major League Baseball; ranks 2nd all-time in RBI (Runs Batted In); and 3rd for walks. His single season HR record stood 34 years and
more remarkably, was nearly double the nearest player when he retired. Babe
Ruth held the record for most HR lifetime for 39 years. As late as 1993, a poll had him tied with boxer
Muhammad Ali as the most recognizable sports figure in America. Babe Ruth changed the game of baseball
forever with his unprecedented Home Run hitting.
Unfortunately, he didn’t take care of himself. He was known for gluttony, excessive use of
alcohol, and suffered many bouts of venereal disease. All
his life he was made fun of for his
unusual body and face. He had a very
rough childhood as the son of saloon-keeper parents. When he was seven years old, they said he was
“incorrigible and vicious” and sent him to live at a reform school. But it was there that a missionary took him
under his wing and taught him to play baseball. One of the most unusual facts about Babe
Ruth is that he started out as an outstanding pitcher for the Boston Red Sox (94 wins; 46 losses; 2.21 ERA). They “sold” him to the New York Yankees,
and the Yankees made him into an outfielder in 1920. That year, Ruth produced more Home Runs than all but one other
TEAM. Babe Ruth was the most prodigious
of all Home Run hitters in history, as many of his traveled 450-500 feet.
The longest HR ever, 575 feet, was hit by Ruth. Willie Mays was born in 1931, near Birmingham, Alabama, where he starred in football and basketball as well. His father was an excellent baseball player.
Willie Mays was 5’11″ 180 lbs. as a rookie. He played most of career (1951-1973) with Giants, first in New York (1951-1957) and then after the team relocated, in San Francisco.
Willie Mays is the best living baseball player of all time; a 24 time All Star (tied for most ever). Still today, he ranks 3rd in Total Bases among all players for a career.
Willie Mays was the dream for a baseball team, what they call a 5 tool player—meaning he had all the skills for baseball: He hit for a high average; hit for power (led the league in HR four times; hit 660 in his career); was a speedy runner on the base paths (led the league in Stolen Bases four times); possessed a great throwing arm; and was the best defensive outfielder to ever play the game. He is the only player in history to win 12 straight Gold Glove Awards (voted as the best fielder at his position). And he is renowned for making the single greatest catch in baseball history. His first manager Leo Durocher said, “He lit up a room when he walked in. He was always a joy to be around.”Ted Williams was 6’3″
205 lbs. He played for the Boston Red
Sox. He was despised around the league and not
popular even in Boston. Ted Williams was
not good with the press; possessed a violent temper; was moody and insecure; he could be hateful; lacked respect
for authority; and maybe worse: lacked hustle—the one thing baseball fans don’t
readily forgive. He said he had a
miserable childhood. Ted played from 1939
to 1960. He was from San Diego, where he
was born in 1918. He died of cardiac
arrest in 2002. Any analysis of his career statistics must
take into account that he missed nearly all of five seasons in his prime while
serving his country as a marine combat pilot, in World War Two, and later in
the Korean war. Ted Williams was a 6
time batting champion; posted the best career
OBP of all time; held the record for 61 years
for the best single season OBP ever (.551). For
his career, he ranks 2nd in history in SLG (led the league 9 years); and 2nd in
OPS (led league 12 years). There were
eight seasons when Ted Williams led the league for most walks; six seasons
where he scored the most runs; four with most HRs; and four where he had the
most RBIs. He averaged .344 for his career with 521 HRs. Ted Williams was also the last man to hit
.400 (.406 1941). His records still
stand of reaching base in 84 straight games; and in 16 straight plate
appearances. He wrote a book, “The Science of Hitting” in 1986, which is still widely read by
baseball players. Honus Wagner was
born in 1874, in Pittsburg, where he went on to play baseball for the Pittsburg
Pirates from  1897 to 1917.  He died in 1955 at 81 years old.  Honus Wagner stood  5’11″ and weighed in at about 200 lbs.   He also served for 20 years as the Pirates hitting
coach, and even was their manager for six seasons.   He is considered by most to have been the  greatest fielding shortstop in baseball
history.  And they used a tiny glove in
those days.  Besides that, he reigned as batting
champion eight seasons; six seasons led the league in SLG and Total Bases; five
years stole the most bases; and five years drove in the most runs.   He is remembered as a  quiet, modest man; and a clean living, fitness
fanatic.

Mike Schmidt played for the Philadelphia Phillies from 1972
until 1989. He was born in 1949, in
Dayton, Ohio. Mike Schmidt is one of
only 13 Third Basemen in the Hall of Fame—the least of any position. He also has the distinction of being the
player who suffered through the worst rookie season in history who still made
into the Hall. He was known for his
powerful throwing arm and won 10 Gold Glove
Awards. He also holds the all time
single season record for a Third Baseman of
404 assists (throwing out a base runner). Mike Schmidt was a feared hitter. Five times he led his league in SLG; eight seasons
he was the Home Run champ. He stood 6’2″ and weighed 203 lbs. Joe Morgan is today a popular baseball commentator on ESPN. He played the majority of his major League career (1963-1984) for the Cincinnati Reds. He was born in Oakland, California, in 1943. Joe is the smallest player in our survey at 5’7″ and 160 lbs. Joe Morgan was also the ultimate 5 tool player. Middle Infielders are generally not great hitters as theirs are primary defensive positions. The same could be said for Catchers; and usually Center Fielders. It is your corner players who most often supply the offensive fireworks for a baseball team. Joe was the exception. His 80% success rate stealing bases (689 career steals) is among the best in history. He is 2nd all time for career HR at his position (the record when he retired); one of the best all around players ever

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Paraguay’s 15 Greatest Footballers Ever

Since the 2008 Gallup poll does not address college results for each sport, this article entertains pro sports only. Another hub will compare college football to pro. This blog does not include individual sports.
Why is football considered the most popular sport in the country ahead of America’s pastime, baseball? Everyone knows Americans love seeing a good fight, so why is hockey on the bottom rung of team-sport popularity? Basketball features more continuous action than any other sport, but still pales in comparison to the interest generated by football.
To sum up the reason in one statement, it all boils down to the old adage: less is more. Pro basketball, baseball, and hockey all schedule way too many games, baseball topping the list at a whopping 162 per team, per season! This over-scheduling waters down the sport and generates little meaning for each individual game. Most people have a hard time following 17 games in one season, let alone 10 times that number. This leaves no room for hype or buildup between each one like there is every week with football, and the only bragging rights a team or fan can hang their hat on with baseball are during playoffs and the World Series. Not only are Saturday and Sunday the best days of the week, during autumn, each weekend resembles a mini-holiday for both college and pro football fans.Baseball’s origins are debatable. Similar games, like cricket and rounders, were primitive folk games invented in England as early as the seventeenth century. During the 1700s, American colonies invented a unique version, called “town ball.” In 1845, Alexander Cartwright altered the rules of town ball in New York City, and baseball was born. He organized the first official baseball team, called the Knickerbocker Baseball Club. The first organized game was played in Hoboken, New Jersey the following year. Rules were somewhat different but, for the most part, remained the same game played today. Cartwright later earned the title, “The Father of Organized Baseball.”
MLB was founded in 1869. Its components were formed later, the National League in 1876 and American League in 1901. They were both separate leagues until 2000, when they finally merged. The first World Series between these two leagues was played in 1903, pitting the Boston Americans against the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Baseball seasons start in early April and last until the beginning of November. That’s seven solid months, a lot of which is spent in the scorching heat. In that time, teams play a ridiculous amount of 162 games.
Baseball has always featured a plethora of games and started playing over 100 as early as 1883. These days, there are too many options and too many alternative interests for most fans to follow even a fraction of that, in particular since most Americans take their vacation during the summer. Baseball has become sports on steroids (pardon the pun), and one could find little difficulty feeling sorry for the wife of a typical, avid fan.
When a sport features that many games, each one fails to hold the same importance or significance like it does in football. Too much of a good thing can lessen its significance. For example, if Christmas was six days a week, seven months out of the year, it could never harbor the same special feeling it generates with just one month.
Baseball’s popularity has declined steadily over the past 40 years and football has taken its place as America’s “current-time.” While baseball remains popular and includes a large following with highly dedicated fans, it pales in comparison to football. Many argue the pace is too slow and boring, and that it lacks enough action. Scoring is also sparse when compared to football. The attention span of Americans is very short these days. We need constant action and stimulation, and baseball fails to deliver in that department.Basketball is a fairly new sport that wasn’t established as a game until 1891 by Canadian-born, physical-education instructor James Naismith. He became a US citizen in 1925 and was the Kansas Jayhawk’s athletic director. As a side note, Naismith is credited with inventing the first football helmet.
The Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 in New York City as the first official basketball league. The BAA absorbed the NBL in 1949, and the NBA was thus born.
A typical NBA season now features 82 games per team, running from early November until mid June if you include playoffs. This is another example of too large a season and too many games to hold the average sports fan’s attention. One exception to the sport is college basketball. Teams play, on average, 30 to 40 games per season, which includes any potential tournament games. That’s still less than half those played by the NBA, which makes each game more significant, each a must-see. In addition, there is pageantry coupled with following a college program, not to mention March Madness as one of the best playoff systems ever implemented for any sport.There are many examples of games like hockey and field hockey dating back as far as 4,000 years ago in Egypt. Most agree ice hockey was invented by British soldiers based in Canada during the 1850s. The first recorded, organized hockey game was played in 1875 in Montreal, Canada. The first game played in the US was in 1893 between Yale and JohnHopkinsUniversities. It phased out ice polo, and the US Amateur Hockey League was founded in New York City the same year. However, we can all agree hockey is, by far, a Canadian sport.
The NHA (National Hockey Association) was first established in Montreal in 1910. They later reorganized in 1917 as the National Hockey League and expanded into the United States by 1924.
A typical hockey season features 82 games played by each team. As with the NBA and MLB, the NHL plays far too many games. Its popularity in the US has declined so much that most networks no longer feature any games. Hockey gained popularity during the 1990s, but that quickly changed the next decade. Some argue ESPN’s dwindling coverage of the sport had a hand in its declining popularity in the US, but others cite their lack of coverage is based on Nielson ratings and overall loss of interest in the sport. While it is fast-paced, includes plenty of action, and features many fistfights, the infrequent scoring leaves a lot to be desired. Any game that can end in a 1-0 score will not turn very many heads here in America. It is understandable, though, why many Canadians still relish the sport.Also referred to as football, the origins of soccer can be traced back to the second or third centuries BCE (Before Common Era) in China. Evidence suggests the early Romans and Greeks also enjoyed the sport. The modern era of soccer began in England during the 1800s, and in 1904, FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) was created, which is the worldwide soccer organization that features the World Cup. The United States and Canada formed a professional soccer league of their own in 1996 with the inception of the MLB. At first consisting of only 10 teams, MLB now features a total of 19.
Soccer, or football as it is known in most countries, is considered the most popular sport in the world. Nationals true to their team can be downright violent, provoking fights during rival games in the stadiums and sometimes evoking fatalities. People who think American football fans are violent should take a closer look at soccer fans.
Similar to hockey, a soccer game can end in a 0-0 tie, which is something that occurs quite often. While a fan of the sport will argue this is inconsequential to the “excitement” of the game, any game ending in a 0-0 tie would put most Americans to sleep. Though teams play only 34 games in a single season, the thrill and mechanics of the sport leaves a lot to be desired, in particular when compared to American football or basketball.Since football emerged from rugby and other similar sports of the 1800s, the first, official American football game was played in 1869 between Rutgers and Princeton. Professional football can be traced back to 1892, and the NFL formed out of the American Professional Football Association in 1922. The AFL, or American Football League, was a rival organization to the NFL, created in 1960. Super Bowl I was played following the 1966 season, pitting the NFL champion against the AFL’s. In 1970, they agreed to merge as one league and divided themselves between the NFC (National Football Conference) and AFC (American Football Conference) divisions, which is what we still have today.
One might wonder why football adopted the same name as soccer since handball would have been a more appropriate name for the sport. Before the forward pass was permissible, handing the ball off to a running back occurred more often than a punt, kickoff, or field goal. If it had not already been taken, we would be call

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Paraguay’s 15 Greatest Footballers Ever

Since the 2008 Gallup poll does not address college results for each sport, this article entertains pro sports only. Another hub will compare college football to pro. This blog does not include individual sports.
Why is football considered the most popular sport in the country ahead of America’s pastime, baseball? Everyone knows Americans love seeing a good fight, so why is hockey on the bottom rung of team-sport popularity? Basketball features more continuous action than any other sport, but still pales in comparison to the interest generated by football.
To sum up the reason in one statement, it all boils down to the old adage: less is more. Pro basketball, baseball, and hockey all schedule way too many games, baseball topping the list at a whopping 162 per team, per season! This over-scheduling waters down the sport and generates little meaning for each individual game. Most people have a hard time following 17 games in one season, let alone 10 times that number. This leaves no room for hype or buildup between each one like there is every week with football, and the only bragging rights a team or fan can hang their hat on with baseball are during playoffs and the World Series. Not only are Saturday and Sunday the best days of the week, during autumn, each weekend resembles a mini-holiday for both college and pro football fans.Baseball’s origins are debatable. Similar games, like cricket and rounders, were primitive folk games invented in England as early as the seventeenth century. During the 1700s, American colonies invented a unique version, called “town ball.” In 1845, Alexander Cartwright altered the rules of town ball in New York City, and baseball was born. He organized the first official baseball team, called the Knickerbocker Baseball Club. The first organized game was played in Hoboken, New Jersey the following year. Rules were somewhat different but, for the most part, remained the same game played today. Cartwright later earned the title, “The Father of Organized Baseball.”
MLB was founded in 1869. Its components were formed later, the National League in 1876 and American League in 1901. They were both separate leagues until 2000, when they finally merged. The first World Series between these two leagues was played in 1903, pitting the Boston Americans against the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Baseball seasons start in early April and last until the beginning of November. That’s seven solid months, a lot of which is spent in the scorching heat. In that time, teams play a ridiculous amount of 162 games.
Baseball has always featured a plethora of games and started playing over 100 as early as 1883. These days, there are too many options and too many alternative interests for most fans to follow even a fraction of that, in particular since most Americans take their vacation during the summer. Baseball has become sports on steroids (pardon the pun), and one could find little difficulty feeling sorry for the wife of a typical, avid fan.
When a sport features that many games, each one fails to hold the same importance or significance like it does in football. Too much of a good thing can lessen its significance. For example, if Christmas was six days a week, seven months out of the year, it could never harbor the same special feeling it generates with just one month.
Baseball’s popularity has declined steadily over the past 40 years and football has taken its place as America’s “current-time.” While baseball remains popular and includes a large following with highly dedicated fans, it pales in comparison to football. Many argue the pace is too slow and boring, and that it lacks enough action. Scoring is also sparse when compared to football. The attention span of Americans is very short these days. We need constant action and stimulation, and baseball fails to deliver in that department.Basketball is a fairly new sport that wasn’t established as a game until 1891 by Canadian-born, physical-education instructor James Naismith. He became a US citizen in 1925 and was the Kansas Jayhawk’s athletic director. As a side note, Naismith is credited with inventing the first football helmet.
The Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 in New York City as the first official basketball league. The BAA absorbed the NBL in 1949, and the NBA was thus born.
A typical NBA season now features 82 games per team, running from early November until mid June if you include playoffs. This is another example of too large a season and too many games to hold the average sports fan’s attention. One exception to the sport is college basketball. Teams play, on average, 30 to 40 games per season, which includes any potential tournament games. That’s still less than half those played by the NBA, which makes each game more significant, each a must-see. In addition, there is pageantry coupled with following a college program, not to mention March Madness as one of the best playoff systems ever implemented for any sport.There are many examples of games like hockey and field hockey dating back as far as 4,000 years ago in Egypt. Most agree ice hockey was invented by British soldiers based in Canada during the 1850s. The first recorded, organized hockey game was played in 1875 in Montreal, Canada. The first game played in the US was in 1893 between Yale and JohnHopkinsUniversities. It phased out ice polo, and the US Amateur Hockey League was founded in New York City the same year. However, we can all agree hockey is, by far, a Canadian sport.
The NHA (National Hockey Association) was first established in Montreal in 1910. They later reorganized in 1917 as the National Hockey League and expanded into the United States by 1924.
A typical hockey season features 82 games played by each team. As with the NBA and MLB, the NHL plays far too many games. Its popularity in the US has declined so much that most networks no longer feature any games. Hockey gained popularity during the 1990s, but that quickly changed the next decade. Some argue ESPN’s dwindling coverage of the sport had a hand in its declining popularity in the US, but others cite their lack of coverage is based on Nielson ratings and overall loss of interest in the sport. While it is fast-paced, includes plenty of action, and features many fistfights, the infrequent scoring leaves a lot to be desired. Any game that can end in a 1-0 score will not turn very many heads here in America. It is understandable, though, why many Canadians still relish the sport.Also referred to as football, the origins of soccer can be traced back to the second or third centuries BCE (Before Common Era) in China. Evidence suggests the early Romans and Greeks also enjoyed the sport. The modern era of soccer began in England during the 1800s, and in 1904, FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) was created, which is the worldwide soccer organization that features the World Cup. The United States and Canada formed a professional soccer league of their own in 1996 with the inception of the MLB. At first consisting of only 10 teams, MLB now features a total of 19.
Soccer, or football as it is known in most countries, is considered the most popular sport in the world. Nationals true to their team can be downright violent, provoking fights during rival games in the stadiums and sometimes evoking fatalities. People who think American football fans are violent should take a closer look at soccer fans.
Similar to hockey, a soccer game can end in a 0-0 tie, which is something that occurs quite often. While a fan of the sport will argue this is inconsequential to the “excitement” of the game, any game ending in a 0-0 tie would put most Americans to sleep. Though teams play only 34 games in a single season, the thrill and mechanics of the sport leaves a lot to be desired, in particular when compared to American football or basketball.Since football emerged from rugby and other similar sports of the 1800s, the first, official American football game was played in 1869 between Rutgers and Princeton. Professional football can be traced back to 1892, and the NFL formed out of the American Professional Football Association in 1922. The AFL, or American Football League, was a rival organization to the NFL, created in 1960. Super Bowl I was played following the 1966 season, pitting the NFL champion against the AFL’s. In 1970, they agreed to merge as one league and divided themselves between the NFC (National Football Conference) and AFC (American Football Conference) divisions, which is what we still have today.
One might wonder why football adopted the same name as soccer since handball would have been a more appropriate name for the sport. Before the forward pass was permissible, handing the ball off to a running back occurred more often than a punt, kickoff, or field goal. If it had not already been taken, we would be call

NFL.com – Official Site of the National Football League
American football – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Football – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
College Football – ESPN.com – Go.com
NFL Football Teams, Scores, Stats, News, Standings, Rumors

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Playing Cricket – Rules and Regulations in Cricket

In the game of cricket, there is always given more credit to a batsman. Bowlers are often missed out despite of giving match-winning performance. The media goes gaga over a batsman’s century, the same appreciation is a far-cry when a bowler takes precious wickets. Bowlers get recognition when they take, say more than five wickets, for instance. Having said that, the game of cricket was to the better part of 80′s and 90′s ruled by fiery pace bowlers. West Indies produced top class fast bowlers like Curtly Ambrose, Courtney Walsh, and many more. Bowlers were a major reason that West Indies won the inaugural World cup and defended successfully the next time in 1979. More than West Indies, the Pakistanis learned more from the West Indies legends. The ninety’s saw the likes of Wasim Akram, Waqar Younis, Imran Khan, and Shoib Akhtar letting their bowling speak for them. Courtesy fantastic bowling the team went on to win the world cup in 1992. Wasim Akram’s dismissed Ian Botham (England) for a duck which set the game in Pakistan’s favour, though the wicket caused a controversy back in England. As the overs went Akram dismissed Alec Stewart, Graeme Hick, and Graham Gooch to leave England tattering. Akram came back again to dismiss Allan Lamb which in the meantime build a solid partnership of 71 with fellow batsman Niel Fairbrother.In between of all this, spin bowlers from India, Sri Lanka, and Australia came to the forefront whenever their respective teams required wickets. Now the leading wicket taker in the world, Muthiah Muralidharan, an off-spinner’s guide-book, opposition’s worry, leads with an impressive 800 wicket in test cricket and 522 wickets in one day international (as of writing).Below is the list of greatest bowlers that the game of cricket has ever produced. Watch as a slide show or scroll down to find the greatest bowlers of all time.The below list was not created to demean the achievements of some other bowlers that they were not good enough, but to highlight the achievements of some of them.To 10 Greatest BowlersIn cricket, swing is a potent weapon in the battle of willow and leather. There are three basic types of swing: in-swing, out-swing and reverse swing. Reverse swing, whether it goes away from the batsman or otherwise, goes contrary to a batsman’s expectation. The cricket ball swings in a manner contrary to what the seam position and shine of the ball suggests it should. Based on that, reverse swings is characterized as follows: The ball swinging towards the shiny side of the ball as opposed to moving towards the rough side (as in conventional swing) The ball moving in the opposite direction of the seam With conventional swing, the increased drag on the rough side of the ball causes the shinier side to move faster through the air. This creates a side force that acts in the direction of the shiny side. Even with a new ball, an upright, angled seam can generate swing when bowled at high speeds. This seems strange to many, but it depends on the following elements: Bowler’s bowling action and pace The condition of the ball Atmospheric conditions – like humidity Pitch conditions – a drier pitch roughens both sides of the ball, which is necessary for reverse swing Scientist Rabindra Mehta, a long-time friend of former Pakistan captain Imran Khan, posited that true reverse swing occurs when the ball moves in a direction opposite to that of the seam position. Seam bowlers, who are not genuinely fast, can generate conventional swing easily. However, this can only occur up to a certain speed threshold, because the higher velocity in the forward motion reduces the impact of the side force necessary for swing. Therefore, for genuinely fast bowlers, the seam position becomes more important in generating swing. Mehta suggests that the seam position is more prominent because it causes the boundary layer of air around the ball to separate earlier at the top of the ball than at the bottom of it. This argument suggests that bowlers who bowl upwards of 90 miles (140 kilometres) per hour can only generate reverse swing. So what really obtains is that the effect of the turbulent air around the seam outweighs the effect of the pressure differentials of the ball.
Reverse swing bowler Waqar Younis also suggested that a dry pitch was helpful in producing reverse swing. The former Pakistan captain and coach stated that the dry pitch made both sides of the ball rough, although one side was significantly rougher than the other. Waqar also noted that the Pakistan bowlers did not touch the sides of the ball, since this might dampen the ball and reduce the effect. Waqar may have had a point, since reduced side force could have accentuated the importance of the seam position.Reverse swing was one viewed like a magician’s trick or diabolical effect brought about by ball tampering. The idea that the ball is going the “wrong” way is common, since cricket has terms for balls that goes the “wrong way.” The “googly” and “doosra” are terms used when leg-spinners and off-spinners spin the ball in the opposite direction to what their bowling action suggests.
Looking at the mechanics of the googly or doosra, one would observe what causes the ball to spin the other way. Technically, reverse swing is merely in-swing or out-swing that defies expectation. The idea that the ball “reverses” is just another one of cricket’s “wrong one” analogies. Science shows that there are merely different ways of producing outswing and in-swing. When it’s caused strictly by pressure differentials, it is conventional swing. However, when the swing is caused primarily by the seam, it is reverse swing – just a case of one force over-ruling another.
The reason it took so long for reverse swing to be accepted is its association with ball tampering. This is especially as exponents of reverse swing usually hail from the sub-continent – Pakistan in particular. Indeed, the art and science of reverse swing is not yet fully understood and is barely understood in some quarters of the cricket world. There is merit to the idea that ball tampering can aid reverse swing, however. For example, if the seam position is elevated on the shinier side of the ball, that would create additional turbulence on the shinier side of the ball. This causes the ball to swing in the direction of the shinier side.
One can suppose that reverse swing is to fast bowlers what googlies and doosras are to leg-spinners and off-spinners. It will remain part of cricket’s terminology and certainly will be an additional weapon for fast bowlers on even the most unforgiving pitches.
This lens is written for 2 sorts of people: those who basically understand conventional cricket but who are unsure of the different rules and emphases of T20 cricket and secondly those to whom the whole world of cricket is a boring, meaningless blur.(also known as Americans). Sorry, just a joke.Definition: Twenty twenty cricket is the newest form of the game and I shall henceforth refer to it as T20 cricket, so T20 equals Twenty twenty.Those of you who don’t understand the basic idea of cricket could do worse than read my earlier lens:’Cricket Explained for Dummies’ If that sounds too highbrow, and, let’s face it, it does involve moving the mouse once or twice, then in that case pin your ears back.Cricket is basically a simple game. Honestly. One side starts by batting. They try to score runs. The other team are the bowling/fielding side and they try to capture the wickets of the batsmen and also to prevent them scoring runs.Then the sides swap roles and the bowling side becomes the batters and in their turn try to score runs. The side which scores the most runs wins the match. And that’s it. Well, apart from about a trillion rules, that is. But the purpose of this lens is education with entertainment and we’re going to forget the niceties and stick to the basics.Actually T20 is the easiest form of cricket to learn. Some people would say its also the most exciting. And although I love the long form of the game (and an international match can last 5 or even 6 days), I have grown to love T20. It is genuinely exciting and a real spectacle.Let’s move on to an imaginary game. Reds versus Blues. Eleven men a side, including one specialist wicket keeper – he’s the only member of the fielding side wearing pads, and who stands behind the stumps – the stumps are the 3 pieces of wood which the batsman protects, also known as his wicket. The captains toss up and Reds win. They decide to field first. That way when they bat they’ll know what score they have to beat.So Blues come out to bat. Only two batsmen at a time are on the field. The first two are known as the Openers. They have to deal with the opposition fast bowlers when they’re all fired up and frisky,…and,well….fast…. . The top bowlers fire the ball down at over 80mph, and the ball is extremely hard. If it hits you, it hurts.

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What is the Cooperstown Baseball Experience, Week Long Tournaments, at Cooperstown Dreams Park for u12 Players?

I’m not sure anyone can say with absolute certainty who the first major league baseball player was to use steroids, and so it can’t be determined where and when it all started. I will say, however, that the steroid era in major league baseball got underway and on its feet in the year 1986, the year Jose Canseco won the American League Rookie Of The Year award. There can be little doubt Canseco’s success influenced young Mark McGwire , as the very next year Canseco’s new teammate won the Rookie Of The Year award himself.
Concerning the glorious 1986 major league baseball season, there was another guy who played his first full season that year, and the man was spectacular for many seasons before he likely ever used steroids, and were it not for the money and limelight heaped upon persons such as Canseco, Sosa, and McGwire, he’d maybe have never used them at all – and Barry Bonds never, EVER needed steroids to be a terrific player. Neither did quite a lot of the others who used and abused not just performance enhancing drugs, but the imaginations and outlooks of their young and impressionable admirers.
The thing about Jose Canseco and the 1986 season was this: He was featured with his brother Ozzy in a Sports Illustrated article, and the article went on and on not about how they were either great baseball players, but how far they could sometimes hit a baseball. Hitting a home run was no longer enough – the bar was raised, and now, everyone wanted to hit more, and further.
Again, when exactly the steroid era in major league baseball started is unclear, but will it ever truly end? No, sadly, the use of performance enhancing drugs is likely here to stay. There’s just too much money to be made for a slugger in baseball for cheating with chemicals to die out. The real problem is the motivation to cheat, and the lack of a true stigma or punishment for it. It’s a classic cat and mouse game in regards to drug testing; soon as one substance is banned and a test developed for it, a chemist or someone somewhere will find another substance not yet technically banned, or tested for, and so it goes.
These players listed here are the BALCO scandal big shots….big shots that hit long shots, and are now an even longer shot to ever make the MLB Hall Of Fame for having cheated.Whether or not you even like baseball is irrelevant, if you live in the USA or Canada, you know who Jose Canseco is. In a CSNBC news interview after retirement from the MLB, Canseco readily admitted to his entire career being a living steroids experiment. As for myself, I can certainly admire his candid honesty, after all, it’s all said and done now.
Jose Canseco makes it plain and simple – he wanted to be the very best he could be, and he wanted to be the best in baseball. He knew other people were using steroids, and so in order to be the best, he felt he also had to use steroids. Just never mind the fact he virtually promoted their use, he was making big money, and the fans ate it up. He was a star, and he delivered what the people watching baseball wanted from him.
It can never be said that Jose Canseco invented the tape measure home run, that had been something of a myth to try for long before Canseco came around, what Jose Canseco did was make the tape measure home run something everyone was aiming for, and not just that – insane numbers of home runs became just the thing too. What is absolutely silly about it all is that a home run ….is only a home run, and it matters not if it traveled 375 feet, or 575 feet, it counts the same.
Another major Canseco accomplishment was the way he lured fans to the ballparks an hour or so before games were to start. You see, the spectacular home runs in batting practice were what folks wanted to see, and they saw them too. I certainly did. I recall a game I’d went with my family to see at the no longer there Arlington Stadium, and the Oakland Athletics had come to play my Texas Rangers. We got there early, and we saw the displays of power offered by Canseco and Mark McGuire.. I witnessed such things with my own two eyes, and with my ears, and whatever else I have, even. I plainly recall my dad, who was much younger and much larger than I am now; leaping for a Canseco batting practice home run…it hit his hand first, he almost had it for us, but the ball was hit too hard, and popped right out of his hand, and into someone else’s.
So what did Jose Canseco accomplish, really? Well, quite a lot, he accomplished superstar to rock star status while playing major league baseball, he won a rookie of the year, a Most Valuable Player, and well, he used to date that hooker we call “Madonna.” No, I’m not really trying to be so bitter or make fun here, what I’m doing, hopefully, is demonstrating how illegal drugs contributed to all those things, all those dollars, all those tickets and hot dogs sold, and all those posters hanging on the walls of teenage boys and girls bedrooms.
Oh yeah, sure, Jose Canseco was the first big leaguer to ever get 40 home runs, and 40 stolen bases in a single season, but it was all due to cheating, and the fact “everyone else” was cheating too, well, that doesn’t make what Jose did any less what it was; and that was cheating. He’s a farce, a has been, a cheat, a big negative, a bully, a sometimes violent criminal, he’s NOT Hall Of Fame material.
In the end, Jose Canseco will forever be remembered as the man who fueled the disgrace of the MLB steroid cheating era, the guy who once let a ball bounce off his head for a home run and the guy who hit the longest home run ever seen in Toronto’s Skydome.If Jose Canseco was the teacher, then the student, Mark McGwire, truly learned all he had to teach, and then went on to reach far higher peaks of learning in the realm of steroid wisdom. Mark McGwire didn’t just exceed Canseco a little, he exceeded Canseco’s achievements by a mile, and he achieved them all juiced on steroids. Once, there were known as the bash brothers.-a modern day Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle, but on steroids instead of simply hard work and a natural skill.
When Mark McGwire played his rookie season with the Oakland Athletics in 1987, he was tall and skinny. Ten years later he’d look like he weighed another seventy five pounds, all of it solid as rock. If you watch baseball on television, then you’re likely in the know concerning one of the biggest jokes in the game – the joke about the weight of the players as listed on the backs of baseball cards and in the programs or magazines you buy at the stadiums. Big Mac, aka, Mark McGwire’s official size is listed at six foot five, and two hundred and fifteen pounds. Feel free to laugh. I’m relatively sure they weigh a guy in his fist season, and never bother with printing another weight again, regardless of how much bigger he gets.
In his career, Mark McGwire would hit a total of 583 home runs, and he’d achieve that total in fewer at bats than anyone ever had. He’d retire after the 2001 season due to problems with his vision, and I shouldn’t have to tell you this was VERY likely due to the use of anabolic steroids, something he’d finally have to admit to using several years after he retired.If there was ever a player in major league baseball history who didn’t need to cheat to win an MVP award a few times, and make it into the hall of fame, then that player was Barry Bonds. Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 was easily one of the most talented men to ever play the game of baseball, and most likely, many of his early seasons of greatness were untainted by illegal drug use, however, he’s forever going to be remembered instead as a cheater, a steroid user, and…well, the all time home run king.
Fourteen times Barry Bonds made the All-Star team. Seven times, another MLB record, Barry Bonds won the Most Valuable Player award; but all of that, the all time season home run record, and the all time total home runs record might not be enough to get Barry Bonds into the Major League Baseball Hall Of Fame. Roger Clemens, another steroid user, has a record number of Cy Young awards, but he and Barry Bonds were both left nowhere near getting voted into the Cooperstown, New York shrine in 2013.
Barry Bonds feels his exclusion thus far from the Hall of Fame is some sort of outrage. Maybe Mr. Bonds feels his 8 gold glove awards entitle him to the honor? One would think fielding wasn’t influenced so much by steroids, right? Well, that would be false, as anabolic steroid use aids in a player healing quickly from injuries.
Probably no one but Barry Bonds knows the truth, but it is widely speculated Bonds started using steroids and other performance enhancing drugs in 1998. Why would Bonds start using then? Well, if you don’t recall, the 1998 season was the year when McGwire and Sammy Sosa spent all Summer racing each other to see who would set the new season home run record,and both would eclipse the Roger Maris record by several. Plainly,Barry Bonds wanted in on the glam and

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Playing Cricket – Rules and Regulations in Cricket

In the game of cricket, there is always given more credit to a batsman. Bowlers are often missed out despite of giving match-winning performance. The media goes gaga over a batsman’s century, the same appreciation is a far-cry when a bowler takes precious wickets. Bowlers get recognition when they take, say more than five wickets, for instance. Having said that, the game of cricket was to the better part of 80′s and 90′s ruled by fiery pace bowlers. West Indies produced top class fast bowlers like Curtly Ambrose, Courtney Walsh, and many more. Bowlers were a major reason that West Indies won the inaugural World cup and defended successfully the next time in 1979. More than West Indies, the Pakistanis learned more from the West Indies legends. The ninety’s saw the likes of Wasim Akram, Waqar Younis, Imran Khan, and Shoib Akhtar letting their bowling speak for them. Courtesy fantastic bowling the team went on to win the world cup in 1992. Wasim Akram’s dismissed Ian Botham (England) for a duck which set the game in Pakistan’s favour, though the wicket caused a controversy back in England. As the overs went Akram dismissed Alec Stewart, Graeme Hick, and Graham Gooch to leave England tattering. Akram came back again to dismiss Allan Lamb which in the meantime build a solid partnership of 71 with fellow batsman Niel Fairbrother.In between of all this, spin bowlers from India, Sri Lanka, and Australia came to the forefront whenever their respective teams required wickets. Now the leading wicket taker in the world, Muthiah Muralidharan, an off-spinner’s guide-book, opposition’s worry, leads with an impressive 800 wicket in test cricket and 522 wickets in one day international (as of writing).Below is the list of greatest bowlers that the game of cricket has ever produced. Watch as a slide show or scroll down to find the greatest bowlers of all time.The below list was not created to demean the achievements of some other bowlers that they were not good enough, but to highlight the achievements of some of them.To 10 Greatest BowlersIn cricket, swing is a potent weapon in the battle of willow and leather. There are three basic types of swing: in-swing, out-swing and reverse swing. Reverse swing, whether it goes away from the batsman or otherwise, goes contrary to a batsman’s expectation. The cricket ball swings in a manner contrary to what the seam position and shine of the ball suggests it should. Based on that, reverse swings is characterized as follows: The ball swinging towards the shiny side of the ball as opposed to moving towards the rough side (as in conventional swing) The ball moving in the opposite direction of the seam With conventional swing, the increased drag on the rough side of the ball causes the shinier side to move faster through the air. This creates a side force that acts in the direction of the shiny side. Even with a new ball, an upright, angled seam can generate swing when bowled at high speeds. This seems strange to many, but it depends on the following elements: Bowler’s bowling action and pace The condition of the ball Atmospheric conditions – like humidity Pitch conditions – a drier pitch roughens both sides of the ball, which is necessary for reverse swing Scientist Rabindra Mehta, a long-time friend of former Pakistan captain Imran Khan, posited that true reverse swing occurs when the ball moves in a direction opposite to that of the seam position. Seam bowlers, who are not genuinely fast, can generate conventional swing easily. However, this can only occur up to a certain speed threshold, because the higher velocity in the forward motion reduces the impact of the side force necessary for swing. Therefore, for genuinely fast bowlers, the seam position becomes more important in generating swing. Mehta suggests that the seam position is more prominent because it causes the boundary layer of air around the ball to separate earlier at the top of the ball than at the bottom of it. This argument suggests that bowlers who bowl upwards of 90 miles (140 kilometres) per hour can only generate reverse swing. So what really obtains is that the effect of the turbulent air around the seam outweighs the effect of the pressure differentials of the ball.
Reverse swing bowler Waqar Younis also suggested that a dry pitch was helpful in producing reverse swing. The former Pakistan captain and coach stated that the dry pitch made both sides of the ball rough, although one side was significantly rougher than the other. Waqar also noted that the Pakistan bowlers did not touch the sides of the ball, since this might dampen the ball and reduce the effect. Waqar may have had a point, since reduced side force could have accentuated the importance of the seam position.Reverse swing was one viewed like a magician’s trick or diabolical effect brought about by ball tampering. The idea that the ball is going the “wrong” way is common, since cricket has terms for balls that goes the “wrong way.” The “googly” and “doosra” are terms used when leg-spinners and off-spinners spin the ball in the opposite direction to what their bowling action suggests.
Looking at the mechanics of the googly or doosra, one would observe what causes the ball to spin the other way. Technically, reverse swing is merely in-swing or out-swing that defies expectation. The idea that the ball “reverses” is just another one of cricket’s “wrong one” analogies. Science shows that there are merely different ways of producing outswing and in-swing. When it’s caused strictly by pressure differentials, it is conventional swing. However, when the swing is caused primarily by the seam, it is reverse swing – just a case of one force over-ruling another.
The reason it took so long for reverse swing to be accepted is its association with ball tampering. This is especially as exponents of reverse swing usually hail from the sub-continent – Pakistan in particular. Indeed, the art and science of reverse swing is not yet fully understood and is barely understood in some quarters of the cricket world. There is merit to the idea that ball tampering can aid reverse swing, however. For example, if the seam position is elevated on the shinier side of the ball, that would create additional turbulence on the shinier side of the ball. This causes the ball to swing in the direction of the shinier side.
One can suppose that reverse swing is to fast bowlers what googlies and doosras are to leg-spinners and off-spinners. It will remain part of cricket’s terminology and certainly will be an additional weapon for fast bowlers on even the most unforgiving pitches.
This lens is written for 2 sorts of people: those who basically understand conventional cricket but who are unsure of the different rules and emphases of T20 cricket and secondly those to whom the whole world of cricket is a boring, meaningless blur.(also known as Americans). Sorry, just a joke.Definition: Twenty twenty cricket is the newest form of the game and I shall henceforth refer to it as T20 cricket, so T20 equals Twenty twenty.Those of you who don’t understand the basic idea of cricket could do worse than read my earlier lens:’Cricket Explained for Dummies’ If that sounds too highbrow, and, let’s face it, it does involve moving the mouse once or twice, then in that case pin your ears back.Cricket is basically a simple game. Honestly. One side starts by batting. They try to score runs. The other team are the bowling/fielding side and they try to capture the wickets of the batsmen and also to prevent them scoring runs.Then the sides swap roles and the bowling side becomes the batters and in their turn try to score runs. The side which scores the most runs wins the match. And that’s it. Well, apart from about a trillion rules, that is. But the purpose of this lens is education with entertainment and we’re going to forget the niceties and stick to the basics.Actually T20 is the easiest form of cricket to learn. Some people would say its also the most exciting. And although I love the long form of the game (and an international match can last 5 or even 6 days), I have grown to love T20. It is genuinely exciting and a real spectacle.Let’s move on to an imaginary game. Reds versus Blues. Eleven men a side, including one specialist wicket keeper – he’s the only member of the fielding side wearing pads, and who stands behind the stumps – the stumps are the 3 pieces of wood which the batsman protects, also known as his wicket. The captains toss up and Reds win. They decide to field first. That way when they bat they’ll know what score they have to beat.So Blues come out to bat. Only two batsmen at a time are on the field. The first two are known as the Openers. They have to deal with the opposition fast bowlers when they’re all fired up and frisky,…and,well….fast…. . The top bowlers fire the ball down at over 80mph, and the ball is extremely hard. If it hits you, it hurts.

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What is the Cooperstown Baseball Experience, Week Long Tournaments, at Cooperstown Dreams Park for u12 Players?

I’m not sure anyone can say with absolute certainty who the first major league baseball player was to use steroids, and so it can’t be determined where and when it all started. I will say, however, that the steroid era in major league baseball got underway and on its feet in the year 1986, the year Jose Canseco won the American League Rookie Of The Year award. There can be little doubt Canseco’s success influenced young Mark McGwire , as the very next year Canseco’s new teammate won the Rookie Of The Year award himself.
Concerning the glorious 1986 major league baseball season, there was another guy who played his first full season that year, and the man was spectacular for many seasons before he likely ever used steroids, and were it not for the money and limelight heaped upon persons such as Canseco, Sosa, and McGwire, he’d maybe have never used them at all – and Barry Bonds never, EVER needed steroids to be a terrific player. Neither did quite a lot of the others who used and abused not just performance enhancing drugs, but the imaginations and outlooks of their young and impressionable admirers.
The thing about Jose Canseco and the 1986 season was this: He was featured with his brother Ozzy in a Sports Illustrated article, and the article went on and on not about how they were either great baseball players, but how far they could sometimes hit a baseball. Hitting a home run was no longer enough – the bar was raised, and now, everyone wanted to hit more, and further.
Again, when exactly the steroid era in major league baseball started is unclear, but will it ever truly end? No, sadly, the use of performance enhancing drugs is likely here to stay. There’s just too much money to be made for a slugger in baseball for cheating with chemicals to die out. The real problem is the motivation to cheat, and the lack of a true stigma or punishment for it. It’s a classic cat and mouse game in regards to drug testing; soon as one substance is banned and a test developed for it, a chemist or someone somewhere will find another substance not yet technically banned, or tested for, and so it goes.
These players listed here are the BALCO scandal big shots….big shots that hit long shots, and are now an even longer shot to ever make the MLB Hall Of Fame for having cheated.Whether or not you even like baseball is irrelevant, if you live in the USA or Canada, you know who Jose Canseco is. In a CSNBC news interview after retirement from the MLB, Canseco readily admitted to his entire career being a living steroids experiment. As for myself, I can certainly admire his candid honesty, after all, it’s all said and done now.
Jose Canseco makes it plain and simple – he wanted to be the very best he could be, and he wanted to be the best in baseball. He knew other people were using steroids, and so in order to be the best, he felt he also had to use steroids. Just never mind the fact he virtually promoted their use, he was making big money, and the fans ate it up. He was a star, and he delivered what the people watching baseball wanted from him.
It can never be said that Jose Canseco invented the tape measure home run, that had been something of a myth to try for long before Canseco came around, what Jose Canseco did was make the tape measure home run something everyone was aiming for, and not just that – insane numbers of home runs became just the thing too. What is absolutely silly about it all is that a home run ….is only a home run, and it matters not if it traveled 375 feet, or 575 feet, it counts the same.
Another major Canseco accomplishment was the way he lured fans to the ballparks an hour or so before games were to start. You see, the spectacular home runs in batting practice were what folks wanted to see, and they saw them too. I certainly did. I recall a game I’d went with my family to see at the no longer there Arlington Stadium, and the Oakland Athletics had come to play my Texas Rangers. We got there early, and we saw the displays of power offered by Canseco and Mark McGuire.. I witnessed such things with my own two eyes, and with my ears, and whatever else I have, even. I plainly recall my dad, who was much younger and much larger than I am now; leaping for a Canseco batting practice home run…it hit his hand first, he almost had it for us, but the ball was hit too hard, and popped right out of his hand, and into someone else’s.
So what did Jose Canseco accomplish, really? Well, quite a lot, he accomplished superstar to rock star status while playing major league baseball, he won a rookie of the year, a Most Valuable Player, and well, he used to date that hooker we call “Madonna.” No, I’m not really trying to be so bitter or make fun here, what I’m doing, hopefully, is demonstrating how illegal drugs contributed to all those things, all those dollars, all those tickets and hot dogs sold, and all those posters hanging on the walls of teenage boys and girls bedrooms.
Oh yeah, sure, Jose Canseco was the first big leaguer to ever get 40 home runs, and 40 stolen bases in a single season, but it was all due to cheating, and the fact “everyone else” was cheating too, well, that doesn’t make what Jose did any less what it was; and that was cheating. He’s a farce, a has been, a cheat, a big negative, a bully, a sometimes violent criminal, he’s NOT Hall Of Fame material.
In the end, Jose Canseco will forever be remembered as the man who fueled the disgrace of the MLB steroid cheating era, the guy who once let a ball bounce off his head for a home run and the guy who hit the longest home run ever seen in Toronto’s Skydome.If Jose Canseco was the teacher, then the student, Mark McGwire, truly learned all he had to teach, and then went on to reach far higher peaks of learning in the realm of steroid wisdom. Mark McGwire didn’t just exceed Canseco a little, he exceeded Canseco’s achievements by a mile, and he achieved them all juiced on steroids. Once, there were known as the bash brothers.-a modern day Roger Maris and Mickey Mantle, but on steroids instead of simply hard work and a natural skill.
When Mark McGwire played his rookie season with the Oakland Athletics in 1987, he was tall and skinny. Ten years later he’d look like he weighed another seventy five pounds, all of it solid as rock. If you watch baseball on television, then you’re likely in the know concerning one of the biggest jokes in the game – the joke about the weight of the players as listed on the backs of baseball cards and in the programs or magazines you buy at the stadiums. Big Mac, aka, Mark McGwire’s official size is listed at six foot five, and two hundred and fifteen pounds. Feel free to laugh. I’m relatively sure they weigh a guy in his fist season, and never bother with printing another weight again, regardless of how much bigger he gets.
In his career, Mark McGwire would hit a total of 583 home runs, and he’d achieve that total in fewer at bats than anyone ever had. He’d retire after the 2001 season due to problems with his vision, and I shouldn’t have to tell you this was VERY likely due to the use of anabolic steroids, something he’d finally have to admit to using several years after he retired.If there was ever a player in major league baseball history who didn’t need to cheat to win an MVP award a few times, and make it into the hall of fame, then that player was Barry Bonds. Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 was easily one of the most talented men to ever play the game of baseball, and most likely, many of his early seasons of greatness were untainted by illegal drug use, however, he’s forever going to be remembered instead as a cheater, a steroid user, and…well, the all time home run king.
Fourteen times Barry Bonds made the All-Star team. Seven times, another MLB record, Barry Bonds won the Most Valuable Player award; but all of that, the all time season home run record, and the all time total home runs record might not be enough to get Barry Bonds into the Major League Baseball Hall Of Fame. Roger Clemens, another steroid user, has a record number of Cy Young awards, but he and Barry Bonds were both left nowhere near getting voted into the Cooperstown, New York shrine in 2013.
Barry Bonds feels his exclusion thus far from the Hall of Fame is some sort of outrage. Maybe Mr. Bonds feels his 8 gold glove awards entitle him to the honor? One would think fielding wasn’t influenced so much by steroids, right? Well, that would be false, as anabolic steroid use aids in a player healing quickly from injuries.
Probably no one but Barry Bonds knows the truth, but it is widely speculated Bonds started using steroids and other performance enhancing drugs in 1998. Why would Bonds start using then? Well, if you don’t recall, the 1998 season was the year when McGwire and Sammy Sosa spent all Summer racing each other to see who would set the new season home run record,and both would eclipse the Roger Maris record by several. Plainly,Barry Bonds wanted in on the glam and

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The Big Market Effect on Baseball and the Teams Best at getting the Most out of their Money.

17,000 men have played Major League Baseball since it began in 1876. Of those, 202 former players have been voted into the Hall of Fame as the best ever. Let’s take a look at arguably the nine greatest of those—one at each position. This is not easy to discern as the game is always changing. We cannot rely on statistics alone, though any knowledgeable baseball fan knows that is a chief criteria, because players in different eras were not under the same circumstances. Also, in regard to hitters, defensive skills must be considered, which are more difficult to quantify. There have been many great players whose careers were cut short by injury. So, perhaps a better title might be “the best nine careers in major league baseball history.”
Walter Johnson was
6’1” 200 lbs. He was born in 1887 and grew up on a farm in
Humboldt, Kansas. Walter Johnson
pitched for the Washington Senators from 1907 to 1927. He is one of the few pitchers in baseball
history with an overpowering fastball who threw sidearm. For his day, he had a fearsome
fastball. One of the greatest hitters
ever, Ty Cobb, once said, “The thing hissed with danger,” and
that Johnson had “The most powerful arm ever turned loose in a ballpark.”
Walter Johnson’s career strikeout total
stood as the Major League record for 55 years.
Still today, he has the second most victories ever, and the most career
shutouts: 110. In five seasons he posted the lowest Earned Run Average or ERA (earned runs
surrendered per nine innings pitched) of all pitchers in the league; six times won the most games; twelve times
struck out the most batters including nine straight seasons. Walter Johnson is remembered as kind, gentle, good-natured man, and a fine
example of good sportsmanship and friendly competition. He died of a brain tumor at age 58 in
1946. Babe Ruth was 6’2
215 lbs. His career spanned from 1914 to 1935.
Babe Ruth was from Baltimore,
where he was born in 1895. He died in 1948
from pneumonia at 53 years old, after battling cancer for two years. The Babe was the best hitter in Major League
history, as judged by a statistic that wasn’t around in his day, but is
generally agreed to be the best measure today: his career OPS of 1.164 (a combination of On
Base Percentage [he is 2nd all time] and Slugging Percentage[1st all
time]). Babe Ruth led the American
League in Slugging Average (SLG) 13 straight years; had the highest On Base Percentage (OBP) 10
times; scored the most runs 8 times; and hit the most Home Runs (HR) in 12 different
seasons. Still today, Babe Ruth has,
for his career, the 3rd most HR ever in Major League Baseball; ranks 2nd all-time in RBI (Runs Batted In); and 3rd for walks. His single season HR record stood 34 years and
more remarkably, was nearly double the nearest player when he retired. Babe
Ruth held the record for most HR lifetime for 39 years. As late as 1993, a poll had him tied with boxer
Muhammad Ali as the most recognizable sports figure in America. Babe Ruth changed the game of baseball
forever with his unprecedented Home Run hitting.
Unfortunately, he didn’t take care of himself. He was known for gluttony, excessive use of
alcohol, and suffered many bouts of venereal disease. All
his life he was made fun of for his
unusual body and face. He had a very
rough childhood as the son of saloon-keeper parents. When he was seven years old, they said he was
“incorrigible and vicious” and sent him to live at a reform school. But it was there that a missionary took him
under his wing and taught him to play baseball. One of the most unusual facts about Babe
Ruth is that he started out as an outstanding pitcher for the Boston Red Sox (94 wins; 46 losses; 2.21 ERA). They “sold” him to the New York Yankees,
and the Yankees made him into an outfielder in 1920. That year, Ruth produced more Home Runs than all but one other
TEAM. Babe Ruth was the most prodigious
of all Home Run hitters in history, as many of his traveled 450-500 feet.
The longest HR ever, 575 feet, was hit by Ruth. Willie Mays was born in 1931, near Birmingham, Alabama, where he starred in football and basketball as well. His father was an excellent baseball player.
Willie Mays was 5’11″ 180 lbs. as a rookie. He played most of career (1951-1973) with Giants, first in New York (1951-1957) and then after the team relocated, in San Francisco.
Willie Mays is the best living baseball player of all time; a 24 time All Star (tied for most ever). Still today, he ranks 3rd in Total Bases among all players for a career.
Willie Mays was the dream for a baseball team, what they call a 5 tool player—meaning he had all the skills for baseball: He hit for a high average; hit for power (led the league in HR four times; hit 660 in his career); was a speedy runner on the base paths (led the league in Stolen Bases four times); possessed a great throwing arm; and was the best defensive outfielder to ever play the game. He is the only player in history to win 12 straight Gold Glove Awards (voted as the best fielder at his position). And he is renowned for making the single greatest catch in baseball history. His first manager Leo Durocher said, “He lit up a room when he walked in. He was always a joy to be around.”Ted Williams was 6’3″
205 lbs. He played for the Boston Red
Sox. He was despised around the league and not
popular even in Boston. Ted Williams was
not good with the press; possessed a violent temper; was moody and insecure; he could be hateful; lacked respect
for authority; and maybe worse: lacked hustle—the one thing baseball fans don’t
readily forgive. He said he had a
miserable childhood. Ted played from 1939
to 1960. He was from San Diego, where he
was born in 1918. He died of cardiac
arrest in 2002. Any analysis of his career statistics must
take into account that he missed nearly all of five seasons in his prime while
serving his country as a marine combat pilot, in World War Two, and later in
the Korean war. Ted Williams was a 6
time batting champion; posted the best career
OBP of all time; held the record for 61 years
for the best single season OBP ever (.551). For
his career, he ranks 2nd in history in SLG (led the league 9 years); and 2nd in
OPS (led league 12 years). There were
eight seasons when Ted Williams led the league for most walks; six seasons
where he scored the most runs; four with most HRs; and four where he had the
most RBIs. He averaged .344 for his career with 521 HRs. Ted Williams was also the last man to hit
.400 (.406 1941). His records still
stand of reaching base in 84 straight games; and in 16 straight plate
appearances. He wrote a book, “The Science of Hitting” in 1986, which is still widely read by
baseball players. Honus Wagner was
born in 1874, in Pittsburg, where he went on to play baseball for the Pittsburg
Pirates from  1897 to 1917.  He died in 1955 at 81 years old.  Honus Wagner stood  5’11″ and weighed in at about 200 lbs.   He also served for 20 years as the Pirates hitting
coach, and even was their manager for six seasons.   He is considered by most to have been the  greatest fielding shortstop in baseball
history.  And they used a tiny glove in
those days.  Besides that, he reigned as batting
champion eight seasons; six seasons led the league in SLG and Total Bases; five
years stole the most bases; and five years drove in the most runs.   He is remembered as a  quiet, modest man; and a clean living, fitness
fanatic.

Mike Schmidt played for the Philadelphia Phillies from 1972
until 1989. He was born in 1949, in
Dayton, Ohio. Mike Schmidt is one of
only 13 Third Basemen in the Hall of Fame—the least of any position. He also has the distinction of being the
player who suffered through the worst rookie season in history who still made
into the Hall. He was known for his
powerful throwing arm and won 10 Gold Glove
Awards. He also holds the all time
single season record for a Third Baseman of
404 assists (throwing out a base runner). Mike Schmidt was a feared hitter. Five times he led his league in SLG; eight seasons
he was the Home Run champ. He stood 6’2″ and weighed 203 lbs. Joe Morgan is today a popular baseball commentator on ESPN. He played the majority of his major League career (1963-1984) for the Cincinnati Reds. He was born in Oakland, California, in 1943. Joe is the smallest player in our survey at 5’7″ and 160 lbs. Joe Morgan was also the ultimate 5 tool player. Middle Infielders are generally not great hitters as theirs are primary defensive positions. The same could be said for Catchers; and usually Center Fielders. It is your corner players who most often supply the offensive fireworks for a baseball team. Joe was the exception. His 80% success rate stealing bases (689 career steals) is among the best in history. He is 2nd all time for career HR at his position (the record when he retired); one of the best all around players ever

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